投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

文章摘要
郑丙辉,王丽婧,李虹,李小宝.湖库生态安全调控技术框架研究.湖泊科学,2014,26(2):169-176. DOI:10.18307/2014.0201
ZHENG Binghui,WANG Lijing,LI Hong,LI Xiaobao.Technical framework for ecological security control in lakes and reservoirs. J. Lake Sci.2014,26(2):169-176. DOI:10.18307/2014.0201
湖库生态安全调控技术框架研究
Technical framework for ecological security control in lakes and reservoirs
投稿时间:2013-05-07  修订日期:2013-09-28
DOI:10.18307/2014.0201
中文关键词: 湖泊  水库  生态安全调控  T-PIRLEP技术框架  调控措施
Keywords: Lake  reservoir  ecological security control  T-PIRLEP technical framework  regulation measure
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项项目(2012ZX07503-002);国家重点基础研究发展计划"973"项目(2012CB417004);全国重点湖库生态安全调查及评估专项项目(2008-2010年)联合资助
作者单位
郑丙辉 中国环境科学研究院, 环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室, 北京 100012;中国环境科学研究院, 国家环境保护饮用水水源地保护重点实验室, 北京 100012 
王丽婧 中国环境科学研究院, 环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室, 北京 100012;中国环境科学研究院, 国家环境保护饮用水水源地保护重点实验室, 北京 100012 
李虹 中国环境科学研究院, 环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室, 北京 100012;中国环境科学研究院, 国家环境保护饮用水水源地保护重点实验室, 北京 100012 
李小宝 中国环境科学研究院, 环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室, 北京 100012;中国环境科学研究院, 国家环境保护饮用水水源地保护重点实验室, 北京 100012 
摘要点击次数: 2819
全文下载次数: 1521
中文摘要:
      针对湖库生态安全综合性调控技术缺乏的现状,为支撑和保障湖库型水体生态安全,开展了湖库生态安全调控概念、特征及技术需求分析,研究并系统构建了湖库生态安全调控技术框架(T-PIRLEP),阐述和分析了该框架的主要技术环节.根据研究结果,认为湖库生态安全具备可调控的特性,调控目的旨在维护以人类为终点的湖库生态环境和生态服务的安全.湖库生态安全调控具有综合性、功能导向性、类型差异性、空间异质性和不确定性的特征.基于T-PIRLEP的调控技术框架以湖库生态安全保障目标(T)为核心,以生态承载力为重要约束参考,从影响湖库生态安全状况的人口增长产业发展资源利用污染排放生态保护政策管理的耦合作用过程出发,采取以人口调控(P)、产业调控(I)、资源利用调控(R)、负荷控制(L)、生态调控(E)、政策调控(P)6类要素为主的调控措施来实现湖库生态安全调控.研究指出,调控过程需以湖库调控类型和其调控定位为引导,注重调控目标、调控措施、目标可达性分析之间的相互反馈,强化与生态安全评估研究的有机衔接.
Abstract:
      With a view to the lack of comprehensive control technology for ecological security(ES) of lakes and reservoirs, also for supporting and ensuring their ecological security, the concept, characteristics and technical requirements for ecological security control (ESC) were firstly analyzed. Meanwhile, ESC technical framework (T-PIRLEP) was studied and proposed. Technical points for main elements of the framework were also presented to approach ESC. According to the results of this study, it is considered that ES of lakes and reservoirs is controllable and the main objectives of ESC are to maintain the safety of eco-environment and eco-service in lakes and reservoirs with the endpoint of human safety. ESC has features like comprehensive, function-oriented, type diversity, spatial dynamics and uncertainty. In the T-PIRLEP framework, target of ensuring ecological security (T) is regarded as the core element and the ecological carrying capacity is considered as an important constraint. In view of the coupled inter-reaction of different affecting elements of ES, such as population growth, industry development, resource utilization, pollution emissions, ecological protection and policy management, 6 kinds of regulating and control measures including population regulation (P), industry regulation (I), resources use regulation (R), load control (L), ecological regulation (E) and policy regulation (P) are finally suggested to realize the ESC for lakes and reservoirs. The research indicates that targeting specifically on different control types should be carried out to guide the whole regulation process. Mutual feedbacks among control target, regulation measures, and target reachability analysis should be highlighted, and the convergence between ES assessment and control should be strengthened in the regulation research.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
分享按钮