投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:苏争光,冯慕华,宋媛媛,金星,马彦华,李勇,李文朝.抚仙湖不同污染来源沉积物微生物解磷能力分析.湖泊科学,2014,26(1):83-91. DOI:10.18307/2014.0110
SU Zhengguang,FENG Muhua,SONG Yuanyuan,JIN Xing,MA Yanhua,LI Yong,LI Wenchao.Phosphate-solubilizing capability of microbes in the sediments from different pollution sources in Lake Fuxian. J. Lake Sci.2014,26(1):83-91. DOI:10.18307/2014.0110
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 4025次   下载 2480 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
抚仙湖不同污染来源沉积物微生物解磷能力分析
苏争光1,2, 冯慕华2, 宋媛媛2, 金星3, 马彦华4, 李勇1, 李文朝2
1.苏州科技学院, 苏州 215009;2.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室, 南京 210008;3.云南省玉溪市环境监测站, 玉溪 653100;4.云南省玉溪市澄江县环境监测站, 玉溪 653100
摘要:
以云南抚仙湖为研究对象,分析了不同污染来源沉积物微生物量、碱性磷酸酶活性(APA)和微生物解磷能力的垂向分布特征和水平分布特征.结果表明,抚仙湖各采样点沉积物微生物生物量与APA垂向分布趋势相似,总体上随着深度增加逐渐降低,微生物作用主要表现在表层.在空间分布上,富营养化星云湖以泄水为主的南岸隔河口微生物生物量和APA最高,其次为以农业面源污染为主的北岸梁王河口和以磷矿开发为污染来源的北岸东大河口,再次为受人类活动影响较小、以自生有机污染为主的湖心和东岸老凹嘴,以自然水土流失为主的西岸尖山河口微生物生物量和APA最低.沉积物微生物生物量和APA体现了不同外源污染对抚仙湖各湖区的影响不同.抚仙湖沉积物微生物对有机磷和无机磷均有解磷能力,并且无机磷解磷能力大于有机磷.沉积物解无机磷细菌数量和APA决定了抚仙湖沉积物磷释放强度,造成了抚仙湖较高强度的内源磷污染负荷.
关键词:  抚仙湖  磷释放  碱性磷酸酶活性  解磷细菌  微生物生物量
DOI:10.18307/2014.0110
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41171366)资助
Phosphate-solubilizing capability of microbes in the sediments from different pollution sources in Lake Fuxian
SU Zhengguang1,2, FENG Muhua2, SONG Yuanyuan2, JIN Xing3, MA Yanhua4, LI Yong1, LI Wenchao2
1.Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou 215009, P. R. China;2.State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China;3.Yuxi Institute of Environmental Science Research, Yuxi 653100, P. R. China;4.Chengjiang Institute of Environmental Science Research, Yuxi 653100, P. R. China
Abstract:
The vertical variations of microbial biomass, alkaline phosphatase activity (APA) and phosphate-solubilizing ability of microbes were studied in the sediments from different pollution sources in Lake Fuxian, Yunnan Province. The results showed that the microbial biomass and the APA in the sediment cores generally decreased with the depth and the strongest microbial activity was shown in the surface sediment. The microbial biomass and the APA in the sediments of the mouth of Gehe River in the south shore were the highest among the research sites, which was heavily polluted by the discharge from eutrophic Lake Xingyun. The second highest amounts of the microbial biomass and the APA were found in the sediments of the mouth of Liangwan River with agriculture pollution source and the sediments in the mouth of Dongda River with phosphate mining pollution source. However, the lowest amounts of the microbial biomass and the APA were shown in the sediments of the mouth of Jianshan River with the pollution source of soil erosion. The result of incubation experiment showed that the microbes in the sediments had stronger phosphate-solubilizing ability to dissolve inorganic phosphate than to dissolve organic phosphate. The combination of the amount of inorganic phosphate solubilizing bacteria and the APA determined the potential of phosphorus releasing from sediment, which resulted in high interior phosphorus loading in Lake Fuxian.
Key words:  Lake Fuxian  phosphorus releasing  alkaline phosphatase activity  phosphate-solubilizing bacteria  microbial biomass
分享按钮