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引用本文:边博,吴海锁,徐志荣,王惠中,姜伟立.复合型前置库系统去除面源主要污染物的研究.湖泊科学,2013,25(3):352-358. DOI:10.18307/2013.0307
BIAN Bo,WU Haisuo,XU Zhirong,WANG Huizhong,JIANG Weili.Eliminating non-point source pollution in a pre-dam complex system in the Tangma Reservoir, Jiangsu Province. J. Lake Sci.2013,25(3):352-358. DOI:10.18307/2013.0307
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复合型前置库系统去除面源主要污染物的研究
边博1, 吴海锁1, 徐志荣2, 王惠中1, 姜伟立1
1.江苏省环境科学研究院, 南京 210036;2.河海大学环境学院, 南京 210098
摘要:
以江苏省溧阳市塘马水库水源地水质安全保障工程为背景,针对水库型水源地面源污染存在的主要问题,构建以沉淀区、浅水区、深水区、潜流人工湿地及生物填料组成强化净化区的复合型前置库分区净化系统,研究面源主要污染物去除规律,为工程示范提供技术参数.结果表明,系统滞水时间为1 d时,去除氮、磷、CODCr均有良好效果,分别达到了67.2%、68.2%及89.3%,滞水时间为2~3 d时各污染物去除率增加较少并趋于稳定.引入潜流湿地及强化净化区明显提高了SS、氮、磷、有机物的去除效果,特别是提升了对小颗粒(粒径小于15μm)的去除效果,基于上述研究结果,建议工程示范中滞水时间为2~3 d,并适当优化系统分区结构,提高复合型前置库的净化效率及面积利用率.
关键词:  面源污染  复合型前置库系统  功能区  营养盐  悬浮颗粒物  塘马水库
DOI:10.18307/2013.0307
分类号:
基金项目:江苏省科技支撑计划项目(BE2011809);江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK2010091)联合资助
Eliminating non-point source pollution in a pre-dam complex system in the Tangma Reservoir, Jiangsu Province
BIAN Bo1, WU Haisuo1, XU Zhirong2, WANG Huizhong1, JIANG Weili1
1.Jiangsu Provincial Academy of Environmental Science, Nanjing 210036, P.R.China;2.College of Environment, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, P.R.China
Abstract:
In this study,the efficiencies of a pre-dam complex system for non-point source pollution control was investigated for the management of the Tangma Reservoir in Liyang City,Jiangsu Province.The pre-dam complex is composed of settling area (A), shallow-water area (B),deep-water area 1 (C),deep-water area 2 (D),surface flow wetland (E),and biological membrane purification area (F).The results showed that the pre-dam complex system under the study contributed to significant improvement in the quality of agricultural non-point source pollution flowing through the pre-dam.The removal of TN,TP,CODCr could be up to 67.2%,68.2% and 89.3%,respectively,when the retention time was 1 d.The removal efficiency was increased with increasing of retention time,while the increment was small and stable.Moreover,increased areas (E and F) could significantly improve the removals of SS,TN,TP and CODCr,particularly the smaller SS which was consisted of size less than 15 μm.Furthermore, based on laboratory results,it was suggested that the retention time be 2-3 d in the Tangma project,and the system be optimized to improve the purification efficiency and high utilization of the area.
Key words:  Non-point sources pollution  pre-dam complex system  functional areas  nutrients  SS  Tangma Reservoir
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