投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:李一平,滑磊,王沛芳,王超,谈永锋.河道型水库水动力特征与气候条件的响应关系.湖泊科学,2013,25(3):317-323. DOI:10.18307/2013.0301
LI Yiping,HUA Lei,WANG Peifang,WANG Chao,TAN Yongfeng.Responses of hydrodynamical characteristics to climate conditions in a channel-type reservoir. J. Lake Sci.2013,25(3):317-323. DOI:10.18307/2013.0301
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 3895次   下载 1290 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
河道型水库水动力特征与气候条件的响应关系
李一平1,2, 滑磊2, 王沛芳1,2, 王超1,2, 谈永锋3
1.河海大学浅水湖泊综合治理与资源开发教育部重点实验室, 南京 210098;2.河海大学环境学院, 南京 210098;3.南京市水利规划设计院有限责任公司, 南京 210006
摘要:
气候条件(降雨、气温)的变化对流域内水资源、河道、湖库的径流影响较大.河道型水库由于具有河道和湖泊的双重特点,受气候条件的影响则更为显著.本文以广东省梅州的河道型水库——长潭水库为例,耦合流域分布式水文模型SWAT与环境流体动力学模型EFDC,研究了河道型水库水动力特征(以水龄表征)与气候条件的响应关系.根据梅县气象站1953-2010年共58年的年均降雨量资料的频率分析,选取降雨量保证率分别为20%(丰水年)、50%(平水年)和90%(枯水年)年份的气候条件作为3种气候方案,对应的典型年分别为1992、1988和2004年,并将各典型年的日均降雨量和气温作为SWAT水文模型的输入条件,模拟了进入长潭水库各主要支流的日均变化过程.并将该流量过程作为长潭水库库区水动力模型的入流边界,模拟了各种降雨典型年情景下长潭水库的水动力变化过程.结果表明,长潭水库库区水龄沿程逐渐增大,呈指数增长的趋势,且受气候条件的影响很大.与丰水年相比,平水年、枯水年年降雨量分别减少了14%和49%,入库径流分别减少了23%和62%,水库出库坝址附近水龄分别增大了66%和247%,支流区域水龄增幅可达81%和290%左右,可见水库水动力特征受气候条件影响很大,而支流区域受气候条件影响更显著.不同气候条件下,河道型水库分别呈现出河道和深水湖泊的双重特性.丰水年时,坝址附近垂向上水体交换频繁,水龄均匀,呈现出河道的特性;平水年与枯水年时,坝址附近水体垂向交换较弱,逐渐呈现出深水湖泊的垂向分层特性.另外,流域分布式水文模型SWAT与环境流体动力学模型EFDC的联用,为弥补历史长系列高频监测资料的缺失,提高湖库水动力模型模拟的精度提供了有效的方法.
关键词:  环境水力学  水龄  EFDC模型  SWAT模型  河道型水库  长潭水库
DOI:10.18307/2013.0301
分类号:
基金项目:水利部公益性行业科研专项经费项目(201101020);国家自然科学基金项目(51009049);江苏省高校"青蓝工程"项目和河海大学创新人才计划项目联合资助
Responses of hydrodynamical characteristics to climate conditions in a channel-type reservoir
LI Yiping1,2, HUA Lei2, WANG Peifang1,2, WANG Chao1,2, TAN Yongfeng3
1.Key Laboratory of Integrated Regulation and Resource Development on Shallow Lakes of Ministry of Education, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, P.R.China;2.College of Environment, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, P.R.China;3.Nanjing Water Planning and Designing Institute Co.Ltd., Nanjing 210006, P.R.China
Abstract:
Changes of rainfall and temperature caused by climate changes have a great impact on water resource and runoff in watershed.Channel-type reservoir,due to its characteristics of river and lake,is affected intricately by climate.As a case study of Changtan Reservoir in Meizhou City,Guangdong Province,coupled watershed hydrological model SWAT and Environmental Fluid Dynamic Code (EFDC) have been used to study the responses of hydrodynamics (characterization by water age) to climate condition in the channel-type reservoir.According to frequency analysis of 58 years rainfall data from 1952 to 2010 in Meizhou City,selected rainfall guarantee rates are 20% (wet year),50% (average year) and 90% (dry year) as three climate schemes.Tributaries of Changtan Reservoir were simulated with the rainfall and temperature in the typical years as input conditions for SWAT mod-el,and hydrodynamics process was simulated with the inflow of the tributaries as boundary conditions.The results showed that, water age increased exponentially along Changtan Reservoir,and was greatly affected by climate conditions.Compared to wet year, in average year and dry year,annual rainfall reduced 14% and 49%,and inflow reduced 23% and 62%,and water age increased 66% and 247% near the outlet dam,and up to 81% and 290% in tributaries,respectively.So,climate conditions had a great effect on the reservoir's hydrodynamics,especially in the vicinity of tributaries.Changtan Reservoir exhibited the characteristics of river and lake under different climatic conditions.Near the dam,it exhibited the characteristics of river in wet year,and the characteristics of lake in average and dry year gradually.Additionally,coupling of watershed hydrological model SWAT and EFDC,it is an effective method for making up the needed long series of high frequency measured data and improving the accuracy of hydrodynamic model simulation in lake and reservoir.
Key words:  Hydrodynamics  water age  EFDC  SWAT  channel-type reservoir  Changtan Reservior
分享按钮