投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:张水锋,张金池,闵俊杰,张增信,庄家尧,林杰.基于径流分析的淮河流域汛期旱涝急转研究.湖泊科学,2012,24(5):679-686. DOI:10.18307/2012.0506
ZHANG Shuifeng,ZHANG Jinchi,MIN Junjie,ZHANG Zengxin,ZHUANG Jiayao,LIN Jie.Drought-flood abrupt alternation based on runoff in the Huaihe River Basin during rainy season. J. Lake Sci.2012,24(5):679-686. DOI:10.18307/2012.0506
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 6269次   下载 2186 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
基于径流分析的淮河流域汛期旱涝急转研究
张水锋, 张金池, 闵俊杰, 张增信, 庄家尧, 林杰
南京林业大学江苏省林业生态工程重点实验室, 南京 210037
摘要:
本文基于淮河流域吴家渡水文监测站1950-2007年月径流量资料,通过定义长、短周期径流旱涝急转指数,分析了淮河流域汛期径流旱涝急转现象(分旱转涝和涝转旱两种类型),研究结果表明:1)长周期径流旱涝急转在1986年以前发生次数较多,而1986年以后发生次数相对较少;2)各相邻月间的短周期旱涝急转的年际振荡以6-7月最多,且其长期变化规律与长周期旱涝急转年际振荡变化相似;3)长、短周期旱涝急转频次呈现不断减少的趋势,但全旱和全涝频次则有增加的趋势;4)2000s汛期长周期旱转涝、短周期6-7月旱转涝有逐渐增加的趋势,分析认为这种旱涝急转变化是导致淮河流域汛期径流量增加的主要原因之一.
关键词:  径流量  旱涝急转  淮河流域  汛期
DOI:10.18307/2012.0506
分类号:
基金项目:林业公益性行业科研专项项目(201104005);水利公益科研专项项目(200901042);国家自然科学基金项目(40801015)联合资助
Drought-flood abrupt alternation based on runoff in the Huaihe River Basin during rainy season
ZHANG Shuifeng, ZHANG Jinchi, MIN Junjie, ZHANG Zengxin, ZHUANG Jiayao, LIN Jie
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Forestry Ecological Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, P. R. China
Abstract:
Based on the monthly runoff data during 1950-2007 at Wujiadu Hydrologic Station in the Huaihe River Basin, the drought-flood abrupt alternation phenomena(including drought to flood and flood to drought) based on runoff was analyzed during the main rainy season(MJJA) by using long-and short-cycle runoff drought-flood abrupt alternation index(RDFAI). The results are as follows:1) the frequency of long-cycle runoff drought-flood abrupt alternations was higher in the period before 1986, and then decreased after the late 1980s; 2) Inter-annual changes of the short-cycle runoff drought-flood abrupt alternation phenomena between the adjacent months varied from each other, with the change between June and July being the most obvious one, and the long-term changes are similar to that of the long-cycle runoff drought-flood abrupt alternation phenomena; 3) Both the occurrence of long-and short-cycle runoff drought-flood abrupt alternation phenomena showed decreasing trends during the past 57 years, however, the total drought and total flood phenomena were on the rise; 4) During the 2000s, both the long-cycle and short-cycle runoff drought to flood abrupt alternation in June and July increased, and this might be one of the major reasons for the runoff increase during the rainy season at the same period.
Key words:  Runoff  drought-flood abrupt alternation  Huaihe River Basin  rainy season
分享按钮