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引用本文:王德甫,王超,王朝栋,郭仰山.禹荥泽——古黄河的一块天然滞洪区.湖泊科学,2012,24(2):320-326. DOI:10.18307/2012.0223
WANG Defu,WANG Chao,WANG Chaodong,GUO Yangshan.Lake Yuxingze, a natural flood detention area of the Yellow River in ancient time. J. Lake Sci.2012,24(2):320-326. DOI:10.18307/2012.0223
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禹荥泽——古黄河的一块天然滞洪区
王德甫1, 王超2, 王朝栋3, 郭仰山2
1.黄河水利委员会信息中心, 郑州 450004;2.河南省科学院地理研究所, 郑州 400052;3.河南省地质勘查研究院, 郑州 450000
摘要:
荥泽是我国古代的一个著名湖泊,是我国经典地理著作《禹贡》记载的湖泊之一,其产生年代、形成环境及地理位置一直存在着不同的认识.本文以文献记载为线索,通过野外实地调查,从地质构造、地层分布和古地理环境诸方面,对荥阳地区槽状洼地内的湖相地层进行了较为系统的研究,并根据该地层的14C测年数据,认为这一湖相地层是由《禹贡》济水"入于河,溢为荥"的古湖泊所形成,因此将这个古湖泊称作禹荥泽.这个古湖泊实际上相当于当时黄河的一块天然滞洪区.
关键词:  禹荥泽  湖相地层  天然滞洪区  《禹贡》
DOI:10.18307/2012.0223
分类号:
基金项目:郑州地区晚更新世以来古环境序列重建与人文聚落变化的预研究项目资助
Lake Yuxingze, a natural flood detention area of the Yellow River in ancient time
WANG Defu1, WANG Chao2, WANG Chaodong3, GUO Yangshan2
1.Center of Information, Yellow River Conservancy Commission, Zhengzhou 450004, P. R. China;2.Institute of Geographical Sciences, Henan Academy of Sciences, Zhengzhou 400052, P. R. China;3.Institute of Geology Exploration of Henan Province, Zhengzhou 450000, P. R. China
Abstract:
Lake Yuxingze is a famous ancient lake in China because it was recorded in a Chinese classic geography book of The Tribute of Yu (Yugong) and there have been some different opinions about its location, age and forming conditions. Based on the documentary records and field investigations, we study systematically the lake-appearance stratum in the trough wash of Xingyang region, including the geological conformation, the distribution of stratum and the ancient geographical surroundings. Especially according to the data of measured 14C age, we think that this lake-appearance stratum had been made from the ancient lake described in The Tribute of Yu (Yugong) saying that the Jishui River flowed into the Yellow River but when it flooded, the name of this area was Xing, so we call this ancient lake the Lake Yuxingze. This ancient lake functioned actually as a natural flood detention area of the Yellow River then.
Key words:  Lake Yuxingze  the lake-appearance stratum  natural flood detention area  the Tribute of Yu (Yugong)
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