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引用本文:陈雯.流域土地利用分区空间管制研究与初步实践——以太湖流域为例.湖泊科学,2012,24(1):1-8. DOI:10.18307/2012.0101
CHEN Wen.Research and preliminary practical exploration of land use zoning and spatial governance of river basin:a case study of Taihu Basin. J. Lake Sci.2012,24(1):1-8. DOI:10.18307/2012.0101
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流域土地利用分区空间管制研究与初步实践——以太湖流域为例
陈雯
中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008
摘要:
流域空间开发和土地利用在推动经济社会发展的同时,对流域生态系统的健康和安全造成了剧烈影响,迫切需要在流域综合管理中充实完善土地利用分区与管制等研究内容,因而成为推动湖泊流域相互作用研究的重要科学问题之一.本文在回顾相关土地利用分区与管制研究基础上,从流域自然地理单元特殊性和管理目标复杂性出发,探讨了流域水陆系统相互作用机制,分析了流域土地利用分区与空间管制的研究重点与基本思路,提出了流域土地利用分区的技术路线及关键方法,并以太湖流域为例进行了初步的实践探索,提出严格保护区、适度发展区、开发利用区和保留发展区四种类型区及其空间管制要求,符合流域资源环境与经济社会发展实际,为流域可持续开发和保护提供指导.最后,讨论了未来流域土地利用分区空间管制需要进一步研究的重点方向与关键问题.
关键词:  流域  土地利用分区  空间管制  研究与实践  太湖流域
DOI:10.18307/2012.0101
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性项目(KZCX2-YW-339);国家自然科学基金项目(41130750)联合资助
Research and preliminary practical exploration of land use zoning and spatial governance of river basin:a case study of Taihu Basin
CHEN Wen
Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China
Abstract:
Spatial development and land use of river basin promote the economic and social development, at the same time cause severe impact on the health and safety of the ecosystem. It's urgent to enrich the comprehensive management of river basin with the zoning and governance of land use, which is also an important and scientific issue to promote the research of interaction between lake and basin. On the basis of review of researches on zoning and governance of land use, the paper started from the requirements that natural geographical unit of river basin is special and the management target is complicated, discussed the interaction mechanism between land and water systems of river basin, and analyzed the research priorities and basic ideas of land use zoning and space governance, then proposed technology roadmap and key methods of land use zoning of river basin. Moreover, the paper made preliminary practical exploration in Taihu Basin, and proposed four type areas of strictly protected area, moderately development area, development and utilization area, development reserved area and space governance requirements, which is in line with resource and environment of river basin, as well as economic and social development, at the same time provides guide for sustainable development and protection of river basin. Finally, the paper discussed the future research emphasis and key issues of land use zoning and space governance of river basin.
Key words:  River basin  land use zoning  spatial governance  research and practice  Taihu Basin
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