投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:韩华玲,陈静,孙千里,陈中原,AlaaSalem.埃及Faiyum盆地沉积物中粒度和磁化率对风沙活动的指示意义.湖泊科学,2011,23(2):303-310. DOI:10.18307/2011.0222
HAN Hualing,CHEN Jing,SUN Qianli,CHEN Zhongyuan,Alas Salem.Grain-size distribution and magnetic susceptibility in Faiyum Depression sediments, Egypt and the implication for eolian activity. J. Lake Sci.2011,23(2):303-310. DOI:10.18307/2011.0222
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 6191次   下载 2858 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
埃及Faiyum盆地沉积物中粒度和磁化率对风沙活动的指示意义
韩华玲1,2, 陈静2, 孙千里2, 陈中原2, AlaaSalem3
1.华东师范大学地理系, 上海 200062;2.华东师范大学河口海岸国家重点实验室, 上海 200062;3.Kafrelshiekh University of Egypt, Egypt
摘要:
埃及Faiyum盆地是尼罗河下游的泛滥平原, 沉积物主要来自尼罗河和撒哈拉沙漠.本文通过对钻孔FYAM(孔深4.6m)沉积物的粒度、磁化率的分析, 并结合石英形态、石膏和碳酸盐含量分析, 旨在寻找Faiyum盆地沉积物中代表风沙活动的粒度、磁化率特征.研究结果显示, 钻孔沉积物中共发现7种粒度频率曲线类型, 主要为细粒组(6-20μm)和粗粒组(80-100μm)两个峰值组合而成的单峰或双峰曲线.除去人类活动影响的高磁化率层以及高碳酸盐含量导致的低磁化率层外, 其余层位沉积物的磁化率随着曲线类型的不同呈现规律性变化, 当80-100μm峰为主峰时, 磁化率明显偏低, 风成石英颗粒含量升高, 代表着风沙活动强烈, 当6-20μm的峰为主峰时, 磁化率相对较高, 风成石英颗粒含量减少, 意味着风沙活动减弱, 以尼罗河物质输入为主。
关键词:  粒度频率曲线  单峰  双峰  撒哈拉沙漠  尼罗河  石英形态  Faiyum盆地
DOI:10.18307/2011.0222
分类号:
基金项目:国家科技部中埃政府间合作项目(0703000)和华东师范大学河口海岸重点实验室开放课题联合资助
Grain-size distribution and magnetic susceptibility in Faiyum Depression sediments, Egypt and the implication for eolian activity
HAN Hualing1,2, CHEN Jing2, SUN Qianli2, CHEN Zhongyuan2, Alas Salem3
1.Department of Geography, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, P.R.China;2.State Key Laboratory of Estuarine&Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, P.R.China;3.Kafrelshiekh University of Egypt, Egypt
Abstract:
The Faiyum Depression, a flood plain of the Nile downstream, receives sediments from the Nile and the Sahara Desert.By means of grain size and magnetic susceptibility analysis of sediments from core FYAM (4.6m deep), combined with surficial characteristic of quartz grains, occurrence of gypsum and carbonate contents, the paper is aiming to reveal some indicators for eolian activity in the Faiyum sediments.The results suggest that there are totally seven patterns of sediment grain-size distribution, including unimodal and biomodal patterns composed of a fine-grain peak (6-20μm) and a coaree-grain peak (80-lOOμm).These patterns have a close relation to magnetic susceptibility except for the sediments of two layers with high or low magnetic susceptibility caused probably by human activity and carbonate content.When the coarse-grain peak appears as a major pattern, the sediments are characterized by low magnetic susceptibilities, implying eolian quartz content increased, and strong sandstorms.When the fine-grain peak is dominated, the sediments were consistent with high magnetic susceptibility and less eolian quartz grains, probably revealing increasing sediment supply from the Nile.
Key words:  Grain-size distribution  unimodal pattern  biomodal pattern  Sahara Desert  the Nile  surficial quartz characteristic  Faiyum Depression
分享按钮