投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:陆贻超,王国祥,李仁辉.超声波和改性粘土集成技术在去除蓝藻水华上的应用.湖泊科学,2010,22(3):421-429. DOI:10.18307/2010.0316
LU Yichao,WANG Guoxiang,LI Renhui.Using the integrated technique of ultrasonic and modified-clay to remove algal blooms. J. Lake Sci.2010,22(3):421-429. DOI:10.18307/2010.0316
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 6127次   下载 3070 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
超声波和改性粘土集成技术在去除蓝藻水华上的应用
陆贻超1,2, 王国祥1, 李仁辉2
1.南京师范大学地理科学学院江苏省环境演变与生态建设重点实验室, 南京 210046;2.中国科学院水生生物研究所, 武汉 430072
摘要:
近年来,改性粘土除藻技术广泛应用于"水华"的治理当中,其原理是藻类与改性粘土絮凝后自然沉降.通过对铜绿微囊藻(Microcystis aeruginosa)、集胞藻(Synechocystis sp.)和小球藻(Chlorella vulgaris)的絮凝比较,发现具气囊的铜绿微囊藻比其他两种藻发生再悬浮的幅度更大,次数更多.针对我国的水华藻类是以微囊藻(Microcystis sp.)等为主的情况,研究超声波和改性粘土集成技术对藻类的去除效果.结果表明,超声波和改性粘土集成技术能将藻类去除率明显提高,该法的絮体稳定性比单一絮凝法明显增强,且对群体形态的藻的去除率提升效果更好.另外,在40kHz、160W超声辐照下,铜绿微囊藻的气囊去除率在95%以上,但细胞壁保持完好,细胞活性不变,藻毒素不会因细胞破裂而释放,因此超声波和改性粘土集成方法,是治理我国蓝藻水华的有效方法.
关键词:  铜绿微囊藻  超声波  改性粘土  絮凝  气囊  再悬浮  水华去除
DOI:10.18307/2010.0316
分类号:
基金项目:国家科技重大专项项目(2008ZX07105-006);中国科学院项目(082303-1-501)联合资助
Using the integrated technique of ultrasonic and modified-clay to remove algal blooms
LU Yichao1,2, WANG Guoxiang1, LI Renhui2
1.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Ecological Construction, College of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, P. R. China;2.Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, P. R. China
Abstract:
The technique of the modified-clay to control algal blooms has been widely applied, and removal of algal cells can be done through the flocculation of cells with modified-clay. Microcysti.s aerugiaosa, a primary water bloom forming cyanobacteria with the gas vesicle, was shown to resuspend more frequently than non-gas vesicle algae,Synechocystis sp. and Chlorelln vulgaris. The purpose of this paper was to study the integrated technique of ultrasonic treatment and the modified-clay to remove algal blooms,based on the fact that the main bloom-forming species in Chinese waters are Microcystis spp. with gas vesicle. The results showed that the integrated technique could greatly increase the efl-ciency of algal removal, especially removal of colony form of M.nosa. 160W ultrasonic power and 40 kHz ultrasonic frequency were found to maintain cyanobacterial cell wall and cell viability un-changed, and therefore the release of algal toxins caused by cellular decomposition were avoided.
Key words:  Microcystis neruginosa  ultrasonic  modified-clay  flocculation  gas vesicle  resuspension  algal bloom removal
分享按钮