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引用本文:乔程,骆剑承,盛永伟,沈占锋,李均力,郜丽静.青藏高原湖泊古今变化的遥感分析—以达则错为例.湖泊科学,2010,22(1):98-102. DOI:10.18307/2010.0114
QIAO Cheng,LUO Jiancheng,SHENG Yongwei,SHEN Zhanfeng,LI Junli,GAO Lijing.Analysis on lake changes since ancient and modern ages using remote sensing in Dagze Co,Tibetan Plateau. J. Lake Sci.2010,22(1):98-102. DOI:10.18307/2010.0114
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青藏高原湖泊古今变化的遥感分析—以达则错为例
乔程1,2, 骆剑承1, 盛永伟3, 沈占锋1, 李均力4, 郜丽静1
1.中国科学院遥感应用研究所, 北京 100101;2.中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049;3.Department of Geography, UCLA, CA90095-1524);4.中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所, 乌鲁木齐 830011
摘要:
青藏高原湖泊受人类活动干扰较少,主要受气候变化导致的冰川融化和蒸发的影响,是气候变化直观敏感的反映区。因此,研究青藏高原湖泊变化对区域以至全球气候、环境变化的研究具有深远意义。本文在遥感影像的基础上发展了综合指数计算与空间分异的现存湖迭代提取方法,对影像数据上的湖泊进行动态监测;并结合DEM数据发展了半自动化的古岸线提取方法,进而分析古湖泊的变化,二者相结合直观全面地反映出了青藏高原湖泊的古今变化情况。并以达则错湖为例进行提取,分析了其近25年以来以及大湖期以来的缩减情况.
关键词:  青藏高原  达则错  湖泊提取  岸线复原  变化检测
DOI:10.18307/2010.0114
分类号:
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划(863)项目(2009AA12Z123);国家自然科学基金项目(40871203);NASA New InvestigatorProgram(NNX06AE58G)联合资助
Analysis on lake changes since ancient and modern ages using remote sensing in Dagze Co,Tibetan Plateau
QIAO Cheng1,2, LUO Jiancheng1, SHENG Yongwei3, SHEN Zhanfeng1, LI Junli4, GAO Lijing1
1.Institute of Remote Sensing Applications,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,PR.China;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,P.R.China;3.Department of Geography,University of California,Los Angeles,GA90095-1524,USA;4.Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Urumqi 830011,P.R.China
Abstract:
Lakes on the Tibetan Plateau, which are rarely influenced by disturbance of human activities and mainly controlled byglacier melting and evaporation caused by climate change, are a typical study area of global climate and environment change. Re-mote sensing technology to monitor lake changes across the plateau has important significance to global climate and environmentchange research. This paper developed an iterative modern lake extraction method on remote sensing images using index calculationand spatial difference comprehensively, to detect lake changes dynamically; and developed a semi-automatic paleo-shoreline extrac-lion method combined with DEM, so as to analyze paleo-lake change. Combining the two methods, we can clearly and completely getthe lake changes across the Tibetan Plateau since the ancient and modern ages. Finally, we task Dagze Co as an example to proceedwith the methods, and analyzed its shrinkage conditions since the latest 25 years and since the Great Lake Period.
Key words:  Tibetan Plateau  Dagze Co  lake extraction  shoreline recovery  change detection
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