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引用本文:冉祥滨,于志刚,姚庆祯,陈洪涛,米铁柱,姚鹏.水库对河流营养盐滞留效应研究进展.湖泊科学,2009,21(5):614-622. DOI:10.18307/2009.0502
RAN Xiangbin,YU Zhigang,YAO Qingzheng,CHEN Hongtao,MI Tiezhu,YAO Peng.Advances in nutrient retention of dams on river. J. Lake Sci.2009,21(5):614-622. DOI:10.18307/2009.0502
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水库对河流营养盐滞留效应研究进展
冉祥滨1, 于志刚1, 姚庆祯1, 陈洪涛1, 米铁柱2, 姚鹏1
1.中国海洋大学海洋化学理论与工程技术教育部重点实验室, 青岛 266100;2.中国海洋大学海洋环境与生态教育部重点实验室, 青岛 266100
摘要:
综述了国内外水库对河流营养盐滞留效应的主要进展.尽管在大型水库是否显著改变原有河流输送营养盐的问题上存在诸多争议,反映在滞留效率的估算上,存在前后矛盾的结果.但大量的文献仍支持筑坝显著改变了河流原有输送营养盐的特性,并对下游、河口产生深远的影响.本文将"滞留"的主要过程分为泥沙过滤作用和生物过滤作用,并列举了若干经典的估算滞留效率的方法和部分水库对营养盐的滞留效率.
关键词:  水库  营养盐  滞留效应
DOI:10.18307/2009.0502
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重大项目(30490232);国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)项目(2002CB12405)联合资助
Advances in nutrient retention of dams on river
RAN Xiangbin1, YU Zhigang1, YAO Qingzheng1, CHEN Hongtao1, MI Tiezhu2, YAO Peng1
1.Key Laboratory of Marine Chemistry Theory and Technology, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, P.R.China;2.Key Laboratory of Marine Environment Science and Ecology, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, P.R.China
Abstract:
The progress of reservoir nutrient retention was reviewed. Challenges had been risen about whether the huge reservoirsaltered river-borne nutrient transport significantly since controversial results for nutrient retention of reservoirs were found. Mostdocuments supported the conclusion that the reservoirs changed the riverine biogeochemistry process, which resulted in a serial ofimpacts on downstream and estuary. In this paper, we classified nutrient retention by “sediment filter” and “biological andbiochemical filter”, and listed some estimating methods of nutrient retention and efficiencies.
Key words:  Reservoir  nutrient retention  efficiency
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