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引用本文:李哲,郭劲松,方芳,张超,盛金萍,周红.三峡水库小江回水区不同TN/TP水平下氮素形态分布和循环特点.湖泊科学,2009,21(4):509-517. DOI:10.18307/2009.0409
LI Zhe,GUO Jinsong,FANG Fang,ZHANG Chao,SHENG Jinping,ZHOU Hong.Potential impact of TN/TP ratio on the cycling of nitrogen in Xiaojiang backwater area, Three Gorges Reservoir. J. Lake Sci.2009,21(4):509-517. DOI:10.18307/2009.0409
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三峡水库小江回水区不同TN/TP水平下氮素形态分布和循环特点
李哲, 郭劲松, 方芳, 张超, 盛金萍, 周红
重庆大学三峡库区生态环境教育部重点实验室, 重庆 400045
摘要:
TN/TP的变化是水中浮游植物营养结构特点的重要反映.对2007年3月至2008年3月三峡水库小江回水区的TN、TP和TN/TP的跟踪观测结果进行总结,发现小江回水区TN平均浓度为1553±43μg/L,TP平均浓度为61.7±2.7μg/L.二者季节变化过程相似,但季节差异明显:2007年春季保持较低水平,在春末夏初出现较大幅度的增加,并在夏季达到全年的较高水平,入秋后TN、TP浓度逐渐下降,但入冬后继续缓慢上升.研究期间TN/TP平均值为30.6±1.4,总体表现为磷素限制,且季节变化不显著.TN与TP显著正相关,说明氮、磷输入和输出的途径大体相同.TP的波动是调控该水域TN/TP的主要因素.对不同TN/TP水平下各形态氮素和TP、TN/TP的相关性分析发现,当TN/TP≤22时,TN是调控水体营养结构特点的主要因素,生物固氮作用有可能发生以调节TN/TP、消纳水中相对丰足的TP.当223--N的利用、摄取以实现对氮素有机合成的生态过程较为明显.而当TN/TP≥32时,较低的TP含量水平可能使氮素的有机合成过程受到抑制,NH4+-N有可能是影响该状态下氮素循环的关键因子.研究认为,强降雨和强径流过程往往使回水区段营养物输入强度加大但同期水动力条件却不适宜浮游植物的生长,使得在TN/TP≤22水平下,虽TP大量输入但不适宜的水动力条件在一定程度上抑制了氮素的有机合成,NH4+-N/NO3--N则下降,而在较高的TN/TP水平下,水动力条件改善为浮游植物生长创造了相对稳定的物理环境,并加速了对无机氮素的生物利用,使TON含量及其在TN中所占比重均有所提高而NO3--N含量及其比重则明显下降.
关键词:  三峡水库  小江回水区  TN/TP  氮素形态组成  循环特点  水动力条件
DOI:10.18307/2009.0409
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院西部行动计划项目(KZCX2-XB2-07-02);重庆市重大科技专项(CSTC2006BA7030)联合资助
Potential impact of TN/TP ratio on the cycling of nitrogen in Xiaojiang backwater area, Three Gorges Reservoir
LI Zhe, GUO Jinsong, FANG Fang, ZHANG Chao, SHENG Jinping, ZHOU Hong
Key Laboratory of Three Gorges Reservoir Region's Eco-Environment of Chongqing University, Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400045, P. R. China
Abstract:
TN/TP ratio represents the nutrients structure for phytoplankton in aquatic ecosystem. Observed data of TN, TP and TN/TP ratio from March 2007 to March 2008 in Xiaojiang backwater area in Three Gorges Reservoir were summarized in the paper. It was found that mean value of TN is 1553±43μg/L, while that of TP was 61.7±2.7μg/L. Although both TN and TP showed remarkable seasonal variability, their variations were approximately the same. Generally, they were low in early spring while suffered a sharp increase in the late spring and reached a maximum level in the summer due to the frequent storm. Concentrations of both TN and TP decreased in the autumn while increased again in the late winter. Average ratio of TN/TP was 30.6±1.4 and indicated a phosphorus-limitation in the XBA generally. The significant positive correlation between TN and TP indicated that both nutrients might have the same importing and exporting approaches to the water area. TP was major nutrient that controls TN/TP level. When TN/TP≤22, nitrogen is control factor and the relatively intensive TP input can result in the decrease of TN/TP ratio. Nitrogen fixation might occur to overcome the surplus phosphorus in water column. When 22<TN/TP<32, TP manipulated nutrients that controlled the TN/TP ratio. It was also anticipated that the organic anabolism loop from nitrate to PON might be the dominant process in nitrogen organic anabolism. When TN/TP≥32, low TP would considerably prohibit the organic anabolism process, while ammonia might become the potential significant factor that impacted on the pattern of nitrogen cycling. It was suggested that due to the relatively short hydraulic retention time in XBA, nitrogen cycling would not be influenced by TP but also impacted by the hydrodynamic condition. Intensive nutrients loadings that increased TP were due to the relatively heavy precipitation and surface runoff in XBA, followed by the unstable physical living environment for planktonic communities, while the decrease of TP indicated the feasible living environment, stimulated the organic anabolism process of nitrogen.
Key words:  Three Gorges Reservoir  Xiaojiang backwater area  TN/TP ratio  forms of nitrogen  characteristic of nitrogen cycling  hydrodynamic condition
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