投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:张运林,张恩楼,刘明亮.云南高原湖泊有色可溶性有机物和颗粒物光谱吸收特性.湖泊科学,2009,21(2):255-263. DOI:10.18307/2009.0215
ZHANG Yunlin,ZHANG Enlou,LIU Mingliang.Spectral absorption properties of chromophoric dissolved organic matter and particulate matter in Yunnan Plateau lakes. J. Lake Sci.2009,21(2):255-263. DOI:10.18307/2009.0215
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 5909次   下载 3337 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
云南高原湖泊有色可溶性有机物和颗粒物光谱吸收特性
张运林1, 张恩楼1, 刘明亮2
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室太湖湖泊生态系统研究站, 南京 210008;2.南京农业大学资源与环境科学学院, 南京 210095
摘要:
云南高原湖泊是我国湖泊分布最密集的五大湖群之一,不但湖泊数量众多而且类型多样.由于湖泊所处位置海拔较高,容易受日益增强UV-B辐射影响.通过对云南高原34个湖泊有色可溶性有机物和颗粒物吸收测定,分析其光谱吸收特性及对总吸收的贡献,有利于深刻理解紫外辐射在高原湖泊内衰减.不同湖泊间CDOM吸收差异明显,其大小与水体营养盐状况相关,CDOM吸收系数与水体总氮存在显著正相关.增加背景项的指数函数模型能最好模拟CDOM光谱吸收.除在浮游植物浓度非常高的杞麓湖、听湖、星云湖,颗粒物吸收系数在675nm附近存在一个吸收峰外,其它湖泊总颗粒物光谱吸收大致随波长的增加吸收系数逐渐降低,呈现非色素颗粒物光谱吸收特征,整体上颗粒物吸收以非色素颗粒物为主.CDOM对总吸收的贡献主要集中在600nm以下波长,尤其是400nm以下的紫外波段,其在紫外波段(350-400nm)的贡献明显要大于光合有效辐射波段(400-700nm)(ANOVA,P<0.001).特别对于透明度SD≥1.0的清澈型湖泊,CDOM吸收对紫外辐射衰减的贡献更大,其吸收很大程度上决定了紫外辐射的影响深度.
关键词:  云南高原  UV-B辐射  吸收系数  有色可溶性有机物  悬浮物
DOI:10.18307/2009.0215
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(40601099,40772204);中国科学院知识创新工程方向性项目(KZCX2-YW-419)联合资助
Spectral absorption properties of chromophoric dissolved organic matter and particulate matter in Yunnan Plateau lakes
ZHANG Yunlin1, ZHANG Enlou1, LIU Mingliang2
1.Taihu Lake Laboratory Ecosystem Research Station, State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China;2.College of Natural Resources and Environmental Science, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, P. R. China
Abstract:
The Yunnan Plateau lakes with different lake types, located in Yunnan Province in southwestern China, are one of the five densest lake areas in China. The lakes, which are generally distributed at elevations from 1200m to 4000m above sea level, receive high intensity UV-B radiation. In this study, the spectral absorption properties of chromophoric dissolved organic matter(CDOM) and particulate matter are studied based on a wide investigation including 34 lakes in the Yunnan Plateau. The study will be helpful in the understanding of the ultraviolet radiation attenuation and the effects of increased UV-B radiation on lake ecosystems. A wide range of variability in CDOM absorption was found among the Yunnan Plateau lakes. CDOM absorption coefficient generally corresponded to the nutrient level with a significantly positive linear correlation between aCDOM(320) and total nitrogen concentration. Exponential model with constant parameters of background items could give the most approximate estimation of CDOM absorption spectra. A marked phytoplankton absorption peak around 675nm was only observed in Qiluhu, Tinghu and Xinyunhu with very high chlorophyll a concentration. High contribution of CDOM to the total absorption was found during the wavelength range lower than 600 nm especially in the ultraviolet range lower than 400nm. The contribution of CDOM to the total absorption was significantly higher in UVR range (350-400nm) than in PAR range (400-700nm) (ANOVA, P<0.001). For the clear lake water with secchi disc: SD≥1.0, the contribution of CDOM absorption to the diffuse attenuation of ultraviolet radiation would increase, and CDOM absorption, with a large probability, would determine the attenuation depth of ultraviolet radiation.
Key words:  Yunnan Plateau lakes  UV-B radiation  absorption coefficient  chromophoric dissolved organic matter  suspended matter
分享按钮