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引用本文:林琳,吴敬禄.太湖梅梁湾沉积岩芯元素地球化学记录的多元统计分析.湖泊科学,2008,20(1):76-82. DOI:10.18307/2008.0111
LIN Lin,WU Jinglu.Application of multivariate statistical analysis to elemental geochemical records of lacustrine sediment of Meiliang Bay in Lake Taihu. J. Lake Sci.2008,20(1):76-82. DOI:10.18307/2008.0111
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太湖梅梁湾沉积岩芯元素地球化学记录的多元统计分析
林琳1,2, 吴敬禄1
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室, 南京 210008;2.中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049
摘要:
通过沉积岩芯元素含量垂直分布和富集因子分析,结合多元统计方法如系统聚类和模糊聚类分析,研究了太湖梅梁湾沉积岩芯元素地球化学记录的湖泊环境演化过程.以系统聚类分析和模糊聚类分析为基础,将梅梁湾地球化学记录的环境过程划分为如下几个层段:0-6cm为人类活动强烈干扰的阶段,25-50cm和55-72cm层段都是自然过程的表现,反映了流域物源的影响,而两层段元素记录的差异反映了不同自然作用驱动下的湖泊环境变化;6-25cm和50-55cm层段则是不同环境特征的过渡阶段,因此,综合应用多元统计方法可以更直观更精确地量化影响湖泊环境的因素,有助于恢复湖泊环境历史演化过程.
关键词:  梅梁湾  太湖  沉积物  元素  多元统计  系统聚类
DOI:10.18307/2008.0111
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(40673015);中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KZCX2-YW-319);科技部基础研究项目联合资助(2002CB412300).
Application of multivariate statistical analysis to elemental geochemical records of lacustrine sediment of Meiliang Bay in Lake Taihu
LIN Lin1,2, WU Jinglu1
1.State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China;2.Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, P. R. China
Abstract:
To evaluate the environmental change of Meiliang Bay of Lake Taihu, the elemental geochemical records of the sedimentcore were analyzed by the element enrichment factors and multivariate statistical methods like hierarchical cluster and fuzzy cluster.The results of element enrichment factors showed the enrichment of heavy metals in surface layers. Hierarchical cluster analysismade it possible to separate several groups of elements with different sources or geochemical behaviors. Moreover, fussy C-meansclustering method was applied to divide geochemical records of the sediment into several segments and separate natural factors fromanthropogenic. The enrichment of heavy metals and nutrients above 6cm depth was dominated by human activities. Both lower levelsbetween 25 and 50cm depth and higher levels between 55 and 72cm depth of most elements had been driven by natural processes andbeen affected by catchment sources, and that discrimination between them indicated lacustrine environmental change driven bydifferent natural processes. The transition periods on environment were reflected in other segments. Integrating these multivariatestatistical methods is an efficient tool in achieving better understanding on the quantitative analysis for the complex factors thatinfluence lakes, and helpful to reconstruct the history of environmental change in lakes.
Key words:  Meiliang Bay  Lake Taihu  sediments  elements  multivariate statistics  hierarchical clustering
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