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引用本文:祝云龙,姜加虎,黄群,孙占东,王红娟.大通湖及东洞庭湖区生物体重金属的水平及其生态评价.湖泊科学,2007,19(6):690-697. DOI:10.18307/2007.0611
ZHU Yunlong,JIANG Jiahu,HUANG Qun,SUN Zhandong,WANG Hongjuan.The heavy metal content in organisms at Lake Dongting and its ecolcogical assessment. J. Lake Sci.2007,19(6):690-697. DOI:10.18307/2007.0611
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大通湖及东洞庭湖区生物体重金属的水平及其生态评价
祝云龙1,2, 姜加虎1, 黄群1, 孙占东1, 王红娟1,2
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008;2.中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049
摘要:
于2005年11月采集了大通湖及东洞庭湖区湖水和水生生物样品,并测定了水和水生生物样品中重金属(Cd、Pb、Hg、As)的含量,并对湖区生物体重金属进行了污染评价.研究结果表明,大通湖及东洞庭湖区湖水中重金属含量较小,绝大部分采样点水质都属于国家Ⅰ类水标准;水生生物体内Cd、Pb含量为虾>螺>鱼,Hg的含量为鱼>螺>虾,As的含量为螺>虾>鱼;而鱼类重金属含量则为底栖鱼类>中上层鱼类,肉食性鱼类>植食性鱼类.大通湖及东洞庭湖区生物体中Cd、Pb的污染指数为虾>螺>鱼,Hg的污染指数则为鱼>螺>虾,As的污染指数则为螺>虾>鱼.
关键词:  水生生物  重金属含量  生态评价  洞庭湖
DOI:10.18307/2007.0611
分类号:
基金项目:国土资源部中国地质调查局及湖南省环境保护局项目(200314200021)资助.
The heavy metal content in organisms at Lake Dongting and its ecolcogical assessment
ZHU Yunlong1,2, JIANG Jiahu1, HUANG Qun1, SUN Zhandong1, WANG Hongjuan1,2
1.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China;2.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, P. R. China
Abstract:
Based on the monitoring data obtained from Lake Dongting in November 2005,the concentrations of theheavy metals in water and organisms were analyzed, and the pollution assessment of heavy metals in organisms wasmade. The results showed that the concentrations of heavy metals in water were lower than Type I of the People' sRepublic of China, the concentrations of heavy metals in Penaeus~Boom were higher than in Bellamyaquadrates and in fish, and the concentrations of heavy metals in demersal fish were higher than that in pelagic fish,and the concentrations of heavy metals in predatory fish were higher than that in herbivorous fishes. In LakeDongting, the pollution indexes of Cd, Pb, As in Penaeua vannwnei were higher than that in Bellamya quadrates,and higher than that in fishes; the pollution indexes of Hg in fish were higher than that in Bellamya quadrates,andin Penaeus vannwnei.
Key words:  Aquatic organisms  heavy metal's content  ecological assessment  Lake Donting
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