|以绍兴镜湖国家城市湿地公园为案例, 简要分析了镜湖开发与保护中存在的城市发展、原住居民生产生活、生态系统保护与游客利益四者之间的博弈关系, 重点对其生态旅游开发与保护模式进行了总结, 认为绍兴镜湖生态旅游开发与保护是"B"模式+"国家公园"模式的融合。文章还总结了镜湖生态旅游开发主要从分级保护、旅游项目开发生态性、湿地生境恢复、旅游交通组织、客流量控制及生态农业模式等方面协调开发与保护的关系。提出了今后城市湿地旅游开发与保护的研究方向。
|关键词: 城市湿地 生态旅游 开发模式 绍兴镜湖
|On the protection and development of eco-tourism in Lake Jinghu, Shaoxing
Tourism College of Zhejiang, Hangzhou 311231, P. R. China
|This paper takes Lake Jinghu, Shaoxing as a case to find out the relationship among city development, the living of local people, eco-tourism. It further analyses the mode of eco-tourism development and protection, which adopts “B” and “national park” mode, i, e. sustainable tourism should be developed within ecological designing idea; its surrounding be restored according to eco-originality; its tourism traffic and tourist volume be controlled following minimum interference principal. Furthermore, the paper suggests that attention must be paid to ecological infrastructure safety of urban wetland, eco-compensation system and relevant protection law. Finally, the relationship between city wetland tourism development and rural community residents's participation, as well as further city wetland tourist development of loursim products is discussed.
|Key words: Urban wetland eco-tourism developing mode Lake Jinghu,Shaoxing