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引用本文:魏显虎,杜耘,蔡述明,张婷婷,刘韬.湖北省湖泊演变及治理对策.湖泊科学,2007,19(5):530-536. DOI:10.18307/2007.0506
WEI Xianhu,DU Yun,CAI Shuming,ZHANG Tingting,LIU Tao.On the evolution of lakes in Hubei Province and countermeasures. J. Lake Sci.2007,19(5):530-536. DOI:10.18307/2007.0506
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湖北省湖泊演变及治理对策
魏显虎1,2,杜耘1,2,蔡述明1,2,张婷婷1,2,3,刘韬1,2,3
1.中国科学院测量与地球物理研究所,武汉 430077;2.湖北省环境与灾害监测评估重点实验室,武汉 430077;3.中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
摘要:
湖北省是长江中游重要的湖泊分布区, 在历史时期湖泊分布广阔, 是著名的云梦泽的主体。由于江湖关系演变和人类活动的影响, 湖泊面积变化迅速, 尤以20世纪为甚。本文在野外调查和历史文献分析的基础上, 利用不同时期的水利图、地形图、遥感影像图作为基本信息源, 在GIS技术支持下, 提取湖泊水域信息, 对湖北省湖泊的主要分布区——江汉平原近百年湖泊水域变化进行了研究。结果表明, 从20世纪20年代开始湖泊面积和个数呈先增加后减少的趋势, 50年代处于鼎盛时期, 50年代到70年代迅速减少, 70年代至2000年减幅明显减缓。这种动态变化是自然因素和人类活动综合作用的结果, 人类活动的作用更为突出。湖泊面积的减少, 带来一系列生态环境问题。针对湖泊资源日益减少的现状, 文章提出了治理对策和建议。
关键词:  湖北省  湖泊演变  人类活动
DOI:10.18307/2007.0506
分类号:
基金项目:“973”计划(2003CB415201);湖北省水利厅项目“湖北省平原湖区水灾害综合控制标准与治理措施研究”联合资助
On the evolution of lakes in Hubei Province and countermeasures
WEI Xianhu,DU Yun,CAI Shuming,ZHANG Tingting,LIU Tao
Abstract:
Hubei Province is an important lake distribution in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River in China. In the historical period it has occupied large area of the main body of the Yunmeng Swamp. As the River-Lake system changes and human impacts, the lakes area is changing quickJy especially in the 20th century. In this paper, we analyze lake evolution in Jianghan Plain (the main lake distribution of Hubei province) in the pasl century by using drainage network and relief maps, historical maps and archives, and remote sensing images of different periods. The results show that the area and amount of the lakes begin to increase from the 1920s and arrive to ihe height in the 1950s; from the 1950s to the 1970s, ihe area and amount of the lakes decrease rapidly; and from the 1970s to the year 2000, the reduction extent of the area and amount of the lakes is smaller than before. This dynamic change was caused both by natural evolution and human impacts, the human activities take the leading position. The reduction of the lake area results in a series of ecological and environmental problem. Facing the present situation of the decrease, this paper puts forward some suggeslions about the developmenl, utilization and protection of lake resources.
Key words:  Hubei Province  lake evolution  human impacts
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