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引用本文:于瑞宏,刘廷玺,许有鹏,李畅游.人类活动对乌梁素海湿地环境演变的影响分析.湖泊科学,2007,19(4):465-472. DOI:10.18307/2007.0416
YU Ruihong,LIU Tingxi,XU Youpeng,LI Changyou.The impacts of human activities on the Wuliangsuhai wetland environment. J. Lake Sci.2007,19(4):465-472. DOI:10.18307/2007.0416
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人类活动对乌梁素海湿地环境演变的影响分析
于瑞宏1, 刘廷玺2, 许有鹏1, 李畅游2
1.南京大学地理与海洋科学学院, 南京 210093;2.内蒙古农业大学水利与土木建筑工程学院, 呼和浩特 010018
摘要:
乌梁素海是我国半荒漠地区具有很高生态价值和社会效益的大型多功能湖泊湿地, 是黄河流域最大的淡水湖泊, 也是内蒙古河套灌区唯一的承泄途径。乌梁素海的补给水源主要包括含高N, P的农田退水, 工业废水以及生活污水, 这些退水及废污水的排入使得湿地环境发生着重大的变化。本文在收集1986-2004年19年间Landsat TM/ETM遥感影像数据的基础上, 结合乌梁素海历史资料, 分析了80年代以来人类活动对湿地环境的影响, 这种影响主要体现在人工芦苇面积不断扩大, 富营养化程度逐年增高, 水生资源迅速减少等方面, 尽管2003年以来"引黄入海"工程的实施某种程度上缓解了湿地环境恶化的进程, 但湿地环境仍然面临严重的威胁。
关键词:  乌梁素海  湿地环境  人类活动  富营养化
DOI:10.18307/2007.0416
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(40571025,50269001,50169002)资助
The impacts of human activities on the Wuliangsuhai wetland environment
YU Ruihong1, LIU Tingxi2, XU Youpeng1, LI Changyou2
1.The School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University 9 Nanjing 210093, P. R. China;2.College of Hydraulic and Civil Architecture Engineering, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Huhhot 010018, P. R. China
Abstract:
Wuliangsuhai is the large-scaled multi-function lake-wetland with high ecological and social value in the semi-desert area of China, the biggest freshwater lake in the Yellow River basin, and also the unique carrying and drainage way to the Hetao irrigation area. The major recharge sources of Wuliangsuhai wetland are irrigation return with high-density nitrogen and phosphorus, industrial wastewater and sewage. On the basis of Landsat TM or ETM data of 19 years from 1986 to 2004, integrating with historical materials, the impacts of human activities on the wetland water environment were analyzed. These impacts mainly include the increase of artificial reeds area and dense water weed area, the deterioration of water environment, the rising of lake eutrophication, and the reduction of aquatic resources. Though the applications of the project diverting water from Yellow River to Wuliangsuhai wetland slow down the process of the deterioration of the wetland environment, the Wuliangsuhai wetland still confronts with serious threat.
Key words:  Wuliangsuhai  wetland environment  human activities  eutrophication
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