投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:白秀玲,谷孝鸿,张钰.太湖螺类的实验生态学研究——以环棱螺为例.湖泊科学,2006,18(6):649-654. DOI:10.18307/2006.0614
BAI Xiuling,GU Xiaohong,ZHANG Yu.Studies on the experimental biology of snail in Lake Taihu: a case study of Bellamya spp.. J. Lake Sci.2006,18(6):649-654. DOI:10.18307/2006.0614
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 2104次   下载 1152 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
太湖螺类的实验生态学研究——以环棱螺为例
白秀玲1,2,谷孝鸿1,张钰1,2
1.中科院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京 210008;2.中国科学院研究生院,北京 100039
摘要:
通过室内实验探讨环棱螺营养盐释放的影响因子及环棱螺对水体悬浮物、透明度及浮游植物的影响等生态特性.结果表明:温度及进食状况对环棱螺的营养盐释放均有显著影响.15℃时,环棱螺氨氮的释放速率约为55.60±4.95μg/(g·d),磷酸根的释放速率约为2.073±0.120μg/(g·d);而25℃时,环棱螺磷酸根的释放速率是2 819±0.075μg/(g·d),表明在一定温度范围内,环棱螺营养盐的释放速率随温度升高而增加,且进食状态下环棱螺的营养盐释放速率高于饥饿状态.此外,环棱螺虽在短时间内可提高水体的透明度,但其释放的营养盐可引起局部水体溶解态氮磷含量的增加,在没有其它初级生产者争夺营养盐和光照等资源的情况下,水体中藻类的再生速率会加快,环棱螺难以对藻类的增殖起到抑制作用.南此建议在利用螺类进行生态调控的过程中,必须与沉水植物的恢复紧密结合,通过合理的空间搭配,实现水生态系统的恢复与健康发展.
关键词:  环棱螺  悬浮物质  叶绿素a  太湖
DOI:10.18307/2006.0614
分类号:
基金项目:国家“863”重大科技专项(2002AA601011-04-02);江苏省自然科学基金(BK2002148)共同资助.
Studies on the experimental biology of snail in Lake Taihu: a case study of Bellamya spp.
BAI Xiuling,GU Xiaohong,ZHANG Yu
Abstract:
To study the factors affecting ihe nutrient release of Bellamya sp.,laboratory simulation ex peri ments were carried out,and other traits of Bellamya sp. such as the effects of Bellamya spp. on suspended substance in (he water column, water transparency and phytoplank Ion in the system were also investigated. Results showed iliat temperature and ihe amount of food had great influence on nutrient release of Bellamya sp. At 15T1, the release rales of ammonia nitrogen and phosphate phosphorus by Bellamya spp. were 55.60 (± 4. 95) μg/(g?d) and 2.073 (±0.1203) μg/(g?d), respectively; at 25T1,the release rale of phosphate phosphorus was about 2.819 (±0.075) μg/(g?d). So ihe release rale of nutrient increased al an enhanced temperature,meanwhile nutrient release rate of snail eating food was higher than it that eating nothing. Bellamya sp. could increase the transparency of water on a short lerm, but the release of nulrienls increased the contents of nitrogen and phosphorus in waler, which in turn accelerated the regeneralion of phytoplankton. Bellamya sp. can not control the production of algae completely,bul iheir improving the secchi-disk deplh of water is helpful for the growth and resloration of submerged macrophyles. Il is suggested that the combination of biomanipulation of snails and restoration of submerged macm-phyles will be an important technical way lo conlrol the eutrophication and improve water environmenl.
Key words:  Bellamya sp  suspended substance  Chi.a  Lake Taihu
分享按钮