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引用本文:侯新花,吴艳宏,杨丽原.全新世镜泊湖粒度特征记录的该地区古降水变化历史.湖泊科学,2006,18(6):605-614. DOI:10.18307/2006.0608
HOU Xinhua,WU Yanhong,YANG Liyuan.The paleo-precipitation history recorded by the characteristics of grain-size of Lake Jingpo during Holocene. J. Lake Sci.2006,18(6):605-614. DOI:10.18307/2006.0608
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全新世镜泊湖粒度特征记录的该地区古降水变化历史
侯新花1,2, 吴艳宏1, 杨丽原3
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京210008;2.中闻科学院研究生院, 北京100049;3.济南大学, 济南250022
摘要:
在湖泊沉积与环境演变研究中,粒度参数通常用来反映湖泊水动力条件的变化,进而反映湖面波动状况以及湖区环境有效湿度的变化.镜泊湖JPH-1钻孔沉积物粒度分析表明:全新世以来镜泊湖沉积物粒度的变化呈现明显的粗细交替变化的规律性.结合14C测年,镜泊湖沉积物粒度特征有效地指示了历史时期镜泊湖水动力变化的情况.进而揭示了该地区古降水的变化历史.9300-8540cal aBP,是一个降水较少的偏干旱时期;8540-6350 cal aBP,降水颇丰的湿润时期; 6350-3120cal aBF,气候波动频繁,前期(6350-4800 cal aBP)由湿润向干旱过渡,后期(4800-3120cal aBP左右)又由于早转向湿润,31 20-1 580 cal aBP,降水较多,气候湿润;1 580 cal aBP至今,降水变化波动剧烈,这阶段粒度特征的变化除了与降水的自然变化有关外,还与人类活动的剧烈影响有关系.湖区周围人类活动破坏了原始植被,大量地表裸露,降水冲刷地表作用明显增大,陆源物质被携带人湖,粗颗粒含量显著增多.
关键词:  镜泊湖  沉积物粒度  水动力  古降水
DOI:10.18307/2006.0608
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所知识创新工程特别资助项目
The paleo-precipitation history recorded by the characteristics of grain-size of Lake Jingpo during Holocene
HOU Xinhua1,2, WU Yanhong1, YANG Liyuan3
1.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. K. China;2.Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 P. R. China;3.Jinan University, Jinan 250022, P. R. China
Abstract:
Grain-size composition of lacuslrine sediment is a powerful indioalor to water impelus change and humi(i variation in ihe history. Based on the analyses on ihe grain-size composition characteristics of JPH-1 core,from Lake Jingpo, norlh eastern of China, combined with 14 C age sequence, ihe Holocene hist or) of paleo-preripilation changes in this region can be concluded as below:(1)9300-8540 cat aBP was a relatively dry period acromf)a-nied wilh less preripilation. (2) 8540-6350 cal aBP was a high lake level period, when the precipitation was relatively abundanlo. (3) 6350 -4800 cal aBP, the climate became drought graduaHy. (4) 4800 -3120 ral aBP, the climate changed wel again. (5) 3120-1580 cal aBP was a relatively slable period maintained a high lake level wilh abundant precipitation. (6) 1580 t.al aBP-present, il was an another climalioally oscillation f>eriod in which the precipitation has been changing frequently. In recent cenluries,the human activities, such as i leariiig the forest, destroying the original vegetation in lake watershed resulted in massive exposure of land surface, remarkable increase of erosion and more terrestrial maleriel carried into lake. Therefore, the portion of coarser particles increased markedly.
Key words:  Lake Jingpo  grain-size  waler impetus  Paleo-preoipitation
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