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引用本文:强明瑞,鲁瑞洁,张家武,肖舜,陈发虎.柴达木盆地苏干湖表层沉积与尘暴事件——元素示踪的初步结果.湖泊科学,2006,18(6):590-596. DOI:10.18307/2006.0606
QIANG Mingrui,LU Ruijie,ZHANG Jiawu,XIAO Shun,CHEN Fahu.Surface sediments of Lake Sugan and dust storm in the Northern Qaidam Basin,China:preliminary results of elemental tracers. J. Lake Sci.2006,18(6):590-596. DOI:10.18307/2006.0606
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柴达木盆地苏干湖表层沉积与尘暴事件——元素示踪的初步结果
强明瑞1, 鲁瑞洁2, 张家武1, 肖舜1, 陈发虎1
1.兰州大学西部环境教育部重点实验室中德干旱环境联合研究中心, 兰州730000;2.北京师范大学中国沙漠研究中心, 北京100875
摘要:
通过分析苏干湖地区10个地表表层沉积物、9个大气降尘(含2个尘暴降尘)、16个湖泊表层沉积物等样品的8种常量-微量元素和11种稀土元素的含量,以及同类沉积不同元素含量和不同沉积同一元素含量的相关性,结果表明,在湖泊沉积体系中Al、Fe、Sc含量的变化与强风-尘暴过程有关,指示了湖泊沉积碎屑颗粒风成输入的可能性.元素Fe、Sc含量在3种不同的沉积物中差异不大,与尘暴事件的强度和频次有关.稀土元素结果显示3类沉积具有同源性.苏干湖沉积可以用来重建研究区尘暴演化历史.
关键词:  尘暴事件  降尘  元素示踪:  苏干湖
DOI:10.18307/2006.0606
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(40301051,40421101)
Surface sediments of Lake Sugan and dust storm in the Northern Qaidam Basin,China:preliminary results of elemental tracers
QIANG Mingrui1, LU Ruijie2, ZHANG Jiawu1, XIAO Shun1, CHEN Fahu1
1.CAEP, Key Laboratory of Western Chinas Environmental System, MOE, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, P. R. China;2.China Center of Desert Research at Beijing Normal University, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, P. R. China
Abstract:
To understand the role of atmospheric dust in the global climate system further, it is necessary that a longer sequence of dust storm history should be established using geological archives in dust provenance area. Hydrologically closed lakes in the arid regions of China could be ideal objectives to trace dust storm evolution since the most of Northwest China has been recognized as an important source area for global dust loading. Lake Sugan, a closed lake located at the northern margin of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, would be employed to study on the dust storm history in the Qaidam Basin. Here, 8 elements and 11 rare-earth elements were analyzed for three different sediments/deposits in the Sugan Lake region, namely, the surface sediments of Lake Sugan, the settled sand dust including materials collected during dust storm durations,and the surface deposits of the region. The results show the element of A1 has been enriched by 11% relative to the surface ground deposits. The composition of the element in lake sediments is nearly half of the settled dust,which may be diluted by the carbonate accounting for about 50% of the lake sediment. Two of Al, Fe and Sc exhibit apparent positive correlations in the lake sediments. Also, for one of the three elements positive correlation was found between the settled sand dust and the lake sediments. However, there are negative correlations between the catchment deposits and the settled sand dust, and between the catchment deposits and the lake sediment for Al and Sc. Variations in Fe and Sc compositions exhibit an apparent positive correlation not only with intensity of dust storm events, but also with frequency of the events. The Fe and Sc compositions seem to be changeless for the three kinds of sediments/ deposits. In addition,the results of rare-earth elements analyses show that the lake sediments,the settled sand dust and the surface ground deposits may derive from a homologous source. The elements of Al, Fe, Sc are most likely to betransported into lake through strong wind and dust storm processes. Therefore, sediments of Lake Sugan could he usej lo trace dust storm in this region, and the elements of Al,Fe, S(、could be applied in reconslruction of dust storm iiiston
Key words:  Dusl storm  the settled sand dust  elemental tracers  Lake Sugan
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