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引用本文:安贞煜,曾光明,张硕辅,徐敏,王玲玲.疏浚对洞庭湖水环境容量的影响分析.湖泊科学,2006,18(5):509-514. DOI:10.18307/2006.0512
AN Zhenyu,ZENG Guangming,ZHANG Shuofu,XU Min,WANG Lingling.Effect of dredging engineering on water environmental capacity of Lake Dongting. J. Lake Sci.2006,18(5):509-514. DOI:10.18307/2006.0512
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疏浚对洞庭湖水环境容量的影响分析
安贞煜1, 曾光明1, 张硕辅1,2, 徐敏1, 王玲玲1
1.湖南大学环境科学与工程学院, 长沙410082;2.湖南省水利厅, 长沙410007
摘要:
本文在分析洞庭湖水质现状及现有污染源的基础上,选择CODMn、TN、TP作为水质敏感参数,对疏浚前后洞庭湖水环境容量的变化情况进行了模拟计算.结果表明,疏浚工程的实施增加了洞庭湖的水环境容量,水位越低、流量越大,增加值越多.分析认为.疏浚使得洞庭湖区河道贯通、水流归槽、流量流速加大,增强了污染物稀释自净能力.在外源不变的情况下,对洞庭湖的水质改善起到了积极的作用,一定程度上缓解了湖泊的富营养化状况.
关键词:  水环境容量  洞庭湖  疏浚  富营养化
DOI:10.18307/2006.0512
分类号:
基金项目:国家杰出青年科学基金项目(50425927, 50225926);2000年度高等学校优秀青年教学科研奖励计划项目;高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金(20020532017)联合资助
Effect of dredging engineering on water environmental capacity of Lake Dongting
AN Zhenyu1, ZENG Guangming1, ZHANG Shuofu1,2, XU Min1, WANG Lingling1
1.College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, P. R. China;2.Hunan Water Conservancy, Changsha 410007, P. R. China
Abstract:
Lake Dongting, which is the second biggest fresh water lake in our country, is located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. For a long time, the Yangtze River and the other four riverways which inpour in Lake Dongting always take a great deal of sands every year, as a result, the lake was filled up, many continents were developed,the water velocity was slowed and the water environmental quality was worsened. In order to resolve these problems, dredging engineering is actualizing in Lake Dongting now. Combined with the engineering, the changes in C0DMn capacity, TN capacity and TP capacity of Lake Dongting before and after dredging were simulated based on the analysis of the Lake Dongting actuality water environmental quality in the paper, and the reasons were also analyzed. It was found that dredging engineering enhanced the water environmental capacity of Lake Dongting. Especially in the lower water and higher flux, the water environmental capacity increased more. Under the same source of explicit pollution, the dredging was helpful for improving the water quality of Lake Dongting, and it could ameliorate the eutrophic state of Lake Dongting in a certain extent.
Key words:  Environmental capacity  Lake Dongting  dredging  eutrophication
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