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引用本文:成小英,李世杰,濮培民.城市富营养化湖泊生态恢复—南京莫愁湖物理生态工程试验.湖泊科学,2006,18(3):218-224. DOI:10.18307/2006.0304
CHENG Xiaoying,LI Shijie,PU Peimin.Ecological restoration of urban eutrophic lakes-a case study on the physical and ecological engineering in Lake Mochou, Nanjing. J. Lake Sci.2006,18(3):218-224. DOI:10.18307/2006.0304
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城市富营养化湖泊生态恢复—南京莫愁湖物理生态工程试验
成小英1,2, 李世杰1, 濮培民1
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008;2.江南大学工业生物技术教育部重点实验室, 无锡 214036
摘要:
为了探索城市富营养化湖泊生态修复技术,2000年9月在南京市莫愁湖物理生态工程试验区内,开展了隔离外源污染、覆盖底泥和种植水生植物对湖泊水质平均水平和水体脉动强度影响的比较研究.试验结果表明,通过围隔隔离外源污染可在较短时间内迅速改善湖泊TN的平均水平,但难以提高湖泊生态系统的稳定性;通过覆盖底泥控制内源污染难以改善湖泊水质的平均水平,并且难以提高湖泊生态系统的稳定程度;种植水生植物不仅能够全面改善湖泊水质的平均水平,而且可以提高湖泊生态系统的稳定性.此外,富营养化湖泊中,藻类生长与湖水营养盐浓度并不存在正相关的关系.因此,对城市湖泊富营养化的防治,在控制外源污染降低营养盐浓度的同时,应恢复湖泊原有的以水生高等植物为主的生态系统.
关键词:  外源污染  底泥  水生植物  高营养化  生态恢复  莫愁湖
DOI:10.18307/2006.0304
分类号:
基金项目:香港理工大学、日本河北泻湖泊研究所及中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所国际合作项目“旅游湖泊生态修复的物理生态工程示范研究”与中科院知识创新工程重大项目(KZCX1-SW-12-13)联合资助
Ecological restoration of urban eutrophic lakes-a case study on the physical and ecological engineering in Lake Mochou, Nanjing
CHENG Xiaoying1,2, LI Shijie1, PU Peimin1
1.Nanjing Institute of Geography Limnology,CAS, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China;2.Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, ninistly of Edu cation, Southern Yangtze University, Wuxi 214036, P. R. China
Abstract:
To study the technologies of ecological restoration for urban eutrophic lakes, the comparative experiments of different influence for external pollution isolating,sediment covering and macrophytes planting to the average level of water quality and the fluctuating intensity of water body were carried out in Lake Mochou of Nanjing in September 2000. The results showed that it can improve the average level of TN in a relatively short period but it is different to increase the stability of the lake ecosystem through isolating the external pollution by the soft wall; it cannot improve the average level of the water quality or increase the stability of the lake ecosystem either through isolating the internal pollution by covering the sediment; it can not only improve the average level of the water quality comprehensively, but also increase the stability of the lake ecosystem through macrophyte restoration. Further more, algae growth is not positively correlated with nutrient concentration in eutrophic lakes. In a word, to control the eutrophication of urban lakes, it should be done to restore the pristine ecosystem with macrophytes restoration associated with the priority of external pollution controlling.
Key words:  External pollution,sediment  macrophyte  eutrophication  ecological restoration  Lake modovl
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