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引用本文:闫云君,李晓宇.汉江流域黑竹冲河五种优势摇蚊的周年生产量及营养基础分析.湖泊科学,2006,18(2):163-171. DOI:10.18307/2006.0210
YAN Yunjun,LI Xiaoyu.Secondary production and its trophic basis of five dominant chironomids in Heizhuchong Stream, Hanjiang River Basin. J. Lake Sci.2006,18(2):163-171. DOI:10.18307/2006.0210
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汉江流域黑竹冲河五种优势摇蚊的周年生产量及营养基础分析
闫云君, 李晓宇
华中科技大学生命科学与技术学院 武汉 430074
摘要:
2003年6月至2004年6月间对汉江流域2级河流—黑竹冲河大型底栖动物群落优势种类的生产力进行为期-周年的调查研究,其中主要优势摇蚊中粗腹摇蚊(Pentaneura sp.)和多足摇蚊(Polypedilum sp.)的生活史为-年三代, 小摇蚊(Microtendipes sp.)和帕摇蚊(Pagastia sp.)为-年两代,刺突摇蚊(Chaetocladius sp.)为-年-代.粗腹摇蚊种群生物量和多度在-年中出现两次峰值,多足摇蚊则出现三次,小摇蚊在6月份达到最大峰值,刺突摇蚊在1月份达到最大峰值,帕摇蚊在10月份和次年1月份分别达到次峰值和主峰值.采用龄期频率法(instar-frequency method)测算的周年生产量(鲜重)分别为:粗腹摇蚊,19.9233g/(m2·a),P/B为8.7;多足摇蚊,7.2177g/(m2·a),P/B为8.1;小摇蚊, 0.8996g/(m2·a),P/B为6.0;刺突摇蚊,3.2533 g/(m2·a),P/B为3.4;帕摇蚊,8.5132g/(m2·a),P/B为8.4.除粗腹摇蚊外,其它四种摇蚊的前肠内含物中无形态碎屑所占比例均高于90%,对生产量的贡献率达到77%-96%;粗腹摇蚊的动物性食物所占比例达到14.73%,其对生产量的贡献率高达46.04%.
关键词:  大型底栖动物  生产量  黑竹冲河  摇蚊  营养基础
DOI:10.18307/2006.0210
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(30270278)资助
Secondary production and its trophic basis of five dominant chironomids in Heizhuchong Stream, Hanjiang River Basin
YAN Yunjun, LI Xiaoyu
College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, P. R. China
Abstract:
Macrozoobenthos community plays an important role in material cycle and energy flow in riverine ecosystem. During the period of June, 2003 to.Tune 2004, an investigation on the life cycle and production of the domipant species of macrozoobenthos community in a second-grade river of Hanjiang River Basin was carried out. From the upper reach to the lower reach of Heizhuchong stream, we chose six types of habitats to sample. At each station, two quantitative samples were taken with a 167μm D-frame kick net or a Surber net, and the samples were sieved with a 167μm net, sorted in a porcelain dish with naked eye. The specimens were kept in 10% formalin for later processing. The life cycles of the two dominant chironomids were analysed by the monthly size-class frequency distribution, the cohort and annual production were estimated by size frequency method. The results showed that the Pencaneura sp. and Polypedilum sp. appeared to develop 3 generations for one year, Microtendipes sp. and Pagastia sp. had two generations one year, while Chaetocladius sp. just developed one generation per year, The standing stocks of Pentaneurn sp. and Pagastia sp. had two peaks, that of Polypedilum. sp. had three, while that of Microtendipes sp. and Chaetocladius sp. only had one. The estimated annual production of Pentaneura sp. by size-frequency method was 19. 9233g/(m2·a)(FW), and the P/B ratios was 8.7. The annual production of Polypediluna sp. was 7. 2177 g/(m2·a), and the P/B ratios was 8.1. Annual productiont of Microtendipes sp.was 0.8996g/(m2·a), and P/ B was 6.0;production of Chaecodadius sp. was 3. 2533g/(m2·a), and P/B was 3.4; and that of Pagastia sp. was 8. 5132 g/(m2·a) and 8.4, respectively. By analyzing their fore-gut contents, it was found that all species except Pentaneura sp. consumed a large portion of amorphous detritus, constituting more than 90% of their diets, and contributing 77%-90% to their secondary production.
Key words:  Macrozoobenthos  production  chironomid  Heizhuchong Stream  irophic basis analysis
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