投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:简敏菲,游海,倪才英.鄱阳湖饶河段重金属污染水平与迁移特性.湖泊科学,2006,18(2):127-133. DOI:10.18307/2006.0205
JIAN Minfei,YOU Hai,NI Caiying.Characteristics of heavy metals contaminant status and migration in Raohe River of Lake Poyang. J. Lake Sci.2006,18(2):127-133. DOI:10.18307/2006.0205
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 3176次   下载 1571 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
鄱阳湖饶河段重金属污染水平与迁移特性
简敏菲1,2, 游海1, 倪才英1
1.鄱阳湖生态环境与资源研究教育部重点实验室 江西师范大学 南昌 330022;2.南昌大学环境科学与工程学院 南昌 330029
摘要:
鄱阳湖饶河入湖段是鄱阳湖重金属污染最严重的水域之-,为了研究其污染现状,本文于2005年3月平水期对鄱阳湖饶河段的水体、底泥、土壤及水生植物的重金属污染水平及迁移特性进行了调查与分析.结果表明,饶河段水体中的重金属除Pb的含量超出地表水环境质量标准Ⅲ类标准外,其它各项监测指标均能达到地表水环境质量Ⅲ类标准.饶河段底泥及河滩土壤的重金属含量平均值与国家土壤环境质量相比,Zn、Cd的平均值超出了三级标准,而Cu、Pb的含量指标均符合三级标准;通过地质积累指数评价结果表明,饶河段重金属底泥除Zn污染为中度污染以外,其他各种重金属污染为轻度污染或偏中度污染,且饶河段底泥中Cu、Zn、Ph三种重金属元素之间呈极显著正相关.饶河段水生植物对Cu、 Zn、Ph都有不同程度的富集;根据富集系数评价表明,植物对Cu的平均富集能力相对较强些,其次是Pb和Zn,多数水生植物表现出对Cd具有-定的抗性.
关键词:  鄱阳湖  饶河段  底泥  水生植物  重金属污染  迁移转化
DOI:10.18307/2006.0205
分类号:
基金项目:鄱阳湖生态环境与资源研究教育部重点实验室开放基金项目(PK2004008);江西省教育厅科技项目(20021203)联合资助
Characteristics of heavy metals contaminant status and migration in Raohe River of Lake Poyang
JIAN Minfei1,2, YOU Hai1, NI Caiying1
1.Key Lab. of Lake Poyang Ecological Environment and Resource Development, Jiangxi Normal University, Nan-chang 330022,P. R. China;2.School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330029, P. R. China.
Abstract:
The Raohe River at the intake of Lake Poyang, is one of the most seriously polluted areas in the Lake Poyang Basin. This paper was based on a survey of heavy metal concentration and migration characteristics in wa ter, sediment, soil, and aquatic plants from this area in March, 2005. The results indicate that the content of the heavy metals Cu, Zn and Cd in the water in the investigated areas meet class ]J[ criterion for surface water evalu lion. Pb, however, did not meet this criterion. The average concentration of Zn and Cd in sediment and soil in the sampling sites did not meet class ]II criterion for soil evaluation, but the average sediment and soil concentration of Cu and Pb did meet. The index of geography accumulation results indicate that zinc contamination has reached a moderately advanced stage of pollution, and the other metals such as Cu, Pb, and Cd only superficially pollute the sediment. The three heavy metals Cu, Zn, and Pb in sediment and soil show a positive correlation. Different kinds of aquatic plants in the sampling sites had dilTerent enrichment by the different heavy metals Cu, Zn, and Pb. Ac cording to the assessment of enrichment coefficient, the average enrichment coefficient of Cu contamination in a quatic plants was relatively higher than Pb and Zn. Most aquatic plants in Raohe River of Lake Poyang resisted contamination by Cd.
Key words:  Lake Poyang  Raohe River  sediment  aquatic plants  heavy metals pollution, removal and transfer
分享按钮