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引用本文:关劲峤,黄贤金,刘晓磊,刘红明,陈雯.太湖流域印染业企业环境行为分析.湖泊科学,2005,17(4):351-355. DOI:10.18307/2005.0412
GUAN Jinqiao,HUANG Xianjin,LIU Xiaolei,LIU Hongming,CHEN Wen.Environmental Behavior and Analysis of Driving Model for Printing and Dyeing Enterprises in Taihu Basin. J. Lake Sci.2005,17(4):351-355. DOI:10.18307/2005.0412
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太湖流域印染业企业环境行为分析
关劲峤1, 黄贤金1, 刘晓磊2, 刘红明3, 陈雯4
1.南京大学城市与资源学系, 南京 210093;2.江苏省环境保护厅污染控制处, 南京 210013;3.南京农业大学经济贸易学院, 南京 210095;4.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210018
摘要:
在分析企业环境行为类型及决策机制的基础上,认为内外环境因素的综合作用促成了企业环境行为的发生.据此,通过相关性和主成分分析对太湖流域印染企业环境行为影响因素进行选择,并构建了环境行为决策数量模型,结果表明:私营合资企业环保投入水平高于国有集体企业;中型企业环保投入高于小型企业,此外,企业环境行为演变也受政府和经济环境制约.最后提出了优化企业环境行为的对策,即加快企业改制,强化用地供应管理,改革排污费制度以及规划产业布局.
关键词:  企业环境行为  数量模型  太湖流域
DOI:10.18307/2005.0412
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(40371031)教育部霍英东基金优选项目(94001)江苏省环保科技基金项目(2004006)
Environmental Behavior and Analysis of Driving Model for Printing and Dyeing Enterprises in Taihu Basin
GUAN Jinqiao1, HUANG Xianjin1, LIU Xiaolei2, LIU Hongming3, CHEN Wen4
1.Department of Urban & Resources Sciences, Nanjing Unwersity, Nanjing 210093, P. R. China;2.Department of Environment Protection of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210013, P. R. China;3.College of Economics and Management, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, P. R. China;4.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China
Abstract:
Based on the charactenstics and mechanism of environment behavior for enterprises, the authors find that the inside and outside surroundings factor determine environment behavior for enterprises. By correlation and principal components analysis, this article selects the dnving factors of printing and dyeing enterprises in Taihu Basin, and sets up analysis model of environmental behavior for enterprises. In conclnsion, the pollution-control investment of private and joint venture enterprises is higher than national and collectivity enterprises, and the medium-scale enterprises higher than the small scale ones. On the other hand, government and economic factors also restrict the environmental behavior for enterprises. As a result, this article puts forward the countermeasures for controlling pollution of Taihu Basin, that is to quicken enterprise reorganization, adjusting industrial land use structure, reforming the charge system of pollution discharge, and developing sustainable economy.
Key words:  Enterprise's environmental behavior  driving model  analysis model  Taihu basin
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