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引用本文:陈云增,杨浩,张振克,秦明周.淡水沉积物环境质量基准差异分析.湖泊科学,2005,17(3):193-201. DOI:10.18307/2005.0301
CHEN Yunzeng,YANG Hao,ZHANG Zhenke,QIN Mingzhou.The Difference and Cause Analyses of Freshwater Sediment Quality Guidelines. J. Lake Sci.2005,17(3):193-201. DOI:10.18307/2005.0301
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淡水沉积物环境质量基准差异分析
陈云增1,2, 杨浩3, 张振克4, 秦明周2
1.中国科学院南京土壤研究所土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室, 南京 210008;2.河南大学环境与规划学院, 开封 475001;3.南京师范大学地理科学学院, 南京 210097;4.南京大学海岸与海岛开发教育部重点实验室, 南京 210093
摘要:
对现有淡水沉积物环境质量基准进行了分类比较,通过对各种基准不同污染物的基准低值、基准高值以及灰色区域的对比分析,探讨现有基准间存在的差异以及造成差异的原因.结果表明,现有各基准低值和高值问分别存在2倍到15倍,4倍到29倍的较大差异,各基准均存在较大的灰色区域.造成差异的原因主要是影响污染物生物有效性因素的复杂性,以及基准建立方法的不确定性等.
关键词:  淡水沉积物  环境质量  基准差异  生物效应
DOI:10.18307/2005.0301
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点项目(5022505)国家自然科学基金项目(40471128)联合资助.
The Difference and Cause Analyses of Freshwater Sediment Quality Guidelines
CHEN Yunzeng1,2, YANG Hao3, ZHANG Zhenke4, QIN Mingzhou2
1.State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China;2.College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, P. R. China;3.College of Geography, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, P. R. China;4.Key Laboratory of Coast and Island Development of MOE, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, P. R. China
Abstract:
Different kinds of freshwater sediment quality guidelines (SQGs) have been developed using a variety of approaches. Comparisons of lower SQGs values, upper SQGs values and the gray zones of different contaminants have been made to find and evaluate the differences among various published SQGs. The results have shown that obvious quantitative differences varied from 2 to 15 times and 4 to 29 times respectively among those lower SQGs values and upper SQGs values, and all SQGs have wide gray zones which heavily influence their applicability. The differences mainly due to the complexity of controlling factors associated with the bioavailability of various contaminants, and the uncertainties of SQGs deriving approaches.
Key words:  Freshwater sediment  environmental quality  the difference of SQGs  biological effect
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