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引用本文:汪勇,羊向东,沈吉,潘红玺,肖霞云.陕西红碱淖近百年来环境变化的湖泊沉积记录.湖泊科学,2004,16(2):106-113. DOI:10.18307/2004.0202
WANG Yong,YANG Xiangdong,SHEN Ji,PAN Hongxi,XIAO Xiayun.A 0.1 ka-year Record of Environmental Evolution in Hongjiannao Lake, Shaanxi Province. J. Lake Sci.2004,16(2):106-113. DOI:10.18307/2004.0202
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陕西红碱淖近百年来环境变化的湖泊沉积记录
汪勇1,2, 羊向东1, 沈吉1, 潘红玺1, 肖霞云1
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008;2.中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100039
摘要:
本文通过岩性、粒度、磁化率、有机碳、化学元素的多指标综合分析,对陕西红碱淖近百年以来的环境演化进行了探讨。红碱淖于1927年后开始成湖,以较低的磁化率值、低湖泊生产力和较高的Fe/Mn比值为特征;1952-1960年,为短暂湖泊快速扩张时期,在沉积物中表现为粘粒含量一度下降、各元素浓度明显被稀释;自1960年以来,岩性和指标特征反映了该湖演化为稳定的深湖环境。湖泊的形成和扩张与区域降水量的增加有关,而50年代后期以来湖面的迅速扩大同时得益于人类滩地疏导导致的入湖水量增加。人类活动也引起了近40年来湖泊生产力的提高和沉积物-水界面氧系统的变化。此外,钻孔粒度特征较好地分辨出20世纪30年代末至40年代3次强沙尘暴事件。
关键词:  红碱淖  湖泊沉积  环境演变
DOI:10.18307/2004.0202
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院西部创新项目(KZCX1-10)资助
A 0.1 ka-year Record of Environmental Evolution in Hongjiannao Lake, Shaanxi Province
WANG Yong1,2, YANG Xiangdong1, SHEN Ji1, PAN Hongxi1, XIAO Xiayun1
1.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese of Sciences, Nanjng 210008, P. R. China;2.Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, P. R. China
Abstract:
The environment evolution in the past nearly 100 years was revealed by the multi-proxy analysis of lithology, grain size, magnetic susceptibility, TOC and geochemical elements from the Core H in Hongjiannao Lake, Shaanxi Province.The result indicates that Hongjiannao Lake was formed at about 1927 AD, characterised by a relatively higher value of Fe/Mn ratio and a lower level of lake productivity and magnetic susceptibility value.During the span between 1952 and 1960, the lake level rose remarkably, as shown by the sharp decrease of clay fraction and the obvious dilution effect on the geochemical elements concentration in sediment.The lithologic character and sediment proxies reflect that the lake has developed into a stable deep-water condition since 1960.The lake formation and its subsequent rapid expansion in the late 1950s related closely to the regional rainfall increases, and the latter also benefited from extensive reclamation of the lowland around the lake.Human activities have also resulted in the higher lake production and the changing of redox condition on sediment-water interface in the recent 40 years.Moreover, the 3 strong dust storm events happened in the late 1930s and 1940s were well distinguished in terms of the features of grain size frequency distributions in the sediment core.
Key words:  Hongjiannao Lake  lake sediment  environmental evolution
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