投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:陈雯,王学山,周勤.区域环境冲突与排污权交易模型探讨.湖泊科学,2003,15(Z1):266-272. DOI:10.18307/2003.sup34
CHEN Wen,WANG Xueshan,ZHOU Qin.Conflict of Regional Environmental contradiction and the Transaction Model of Pollution Emission Rights. J. Lake Sci.2003,15(Z1):266-272. DOI:10.18307/2003.sup34
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 3149次   下载 6809 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
区域环境冲突与排污权交易模型探讨
陈雯1, 王学山1,2, 周勤3
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008;2.中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100039;3.东南大学经济管理学院, 南京 210096
摘要:
废水排污权交易地区交叉补贴的设想是通过建立上下游地区之间的排污权交易模型,将下游地区的排污权交易所得向上游地区转移,解决上游地区对下游地区的二次污染问题,从而减少流域污染.本文在污染权交易基本思路和研究进展的基础上,在并不考虑交易成本的假设下,建立了流域污染总量分配模型和存在收入差别的地区间污染源排污权分配模型,以此来确定污染的总量分配及价格,计算污染权的地区分配及其收益.太湖流域由于经济最为发达,环境问题十分突出,是目前我国最适宜率先实施污染权交易试点的地区,因此假定以江苏省无锡和常州两个相邻城市进行污染权交易作为试点,运用上述模式,以分别计算基准价格、排污权交易量和交易效用,研究结果显示出交易具有明显的经济和环境效应.
关键词:  地区差异  流域环境矛盾  排污权交易模型
DOI:10.18307/2003.sup34
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院知识创新项目(KZCX3-SW-427)资助
Conflict of Regional Environmental contradiction and the Transaction Model of Pollution Emission Rights
CHEN Wen1, WANG Xueshan1,2, ZHOU Qin3
1.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China;2.Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, P. R. China;3.School of Economics Management, South-East University, Nanjing 210096, P. R. China
Abstract:
In order to certificate the economic distribution upon environment optimizing and the equity of regional development, the paper has summarized the study on tradable emission right, and given tentative ideas on trans-regional intercross allowance of the tradable emission right. The idea of the paper is to set the model of trans-regional emission right tradable with evident income difference, so that the rich areas can buy the emission right from the poor areas and then in return transfer the earnings to the poor areas, consequently decrease the second time pollution from upstream poor areas as well as the whole pollution amount. After using the data of Wuxi and Changzhou to prove the ideas, the paper lastly drawn out that carrying out trans-regional tradable emission right policy has special significance in China, however, Taihu Basin would be the most compatible area for practice sat present. The basic conditions such as the standard price, the regional disparity, institution for the minimum exchange cost would be prior to succeed the trade.
Key words:  Regional gap  environment conflict of watershed  model of pollution emission  transaction of emission rights
分享按钮