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文章摘要
殷福才,张之源.巢湖富营养化研究进展.湖泊科学,2003,15(4):377-384. DOI:10.18307/2003.0413
YIN Fucai,ZHANG Zhiyuan.Survey of Chaohu Lake Eutrophication Research. J. Lake Sci.2003,15(4):377-384. DOI:10.18307/2003.0413
巢湖富营养化研究进展
Survey of Chaohu Lake Eutrophication Research
投稿时间:2002-03-12  修订日期:2003-05-27
DOI:10.18307/2003.0413
中文关键词: 巢湖  富营养化  研究  进展
Keywords: Chaohu Lake  eutrophication  research  progress
基金项目:安徽省科技攻关项目资助(01013021).
作者单位
殷福才 南京大学环境学院, 南京 210093;安徽省环境保护局, 合肥 230061 
张之源 安徽省环境保护局, 合肥 230061 
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中文摘要:
      本文系统论述了20年来巢湖富营养化的研究过程,根据不同阶段对巢湖研究的特点,将巢湖富营养化研究过程划分为三个阶段:初步调查阶段、深入研究阶段和应用研究阶段. 综述了巢湖富营养化研究的8个方面的内容,包括流域自然和社会环境的调查、水域生态调查与评价、流域水污染源调查与评价、巢湖富营养化机理研究、水质区划与容量研究、流域的非点源污染研究、生态环境现状调查研究和内源污染控制研究等. 文中指出了近10多年来缺少对巢湖的基础研究,形成背景资料的断裂,10多年前的研究成果不能完全满足当今巢湖富营养化防治的需要. 目前,巢湖仍然处于全湖富营养化状态,急需对巢湖进一步开展基础研究,为从根本上治理巢湖污染寻求对策. 最后指出了一些主要的研究方向.
Abstract:
      This paper describes the progress of Chaohu Lake eutrophication research in the past 20 years. In the light of characters of different researches in different periods, the study progresses are divided into three stages:initial investigation, detailed research and applied research. Eight main research areas are summarized in the paper including fact findings for natural and social environmental background, lake ecological investigation and assessment, investigation and evaluation for waste water sources in the lake basin, Chaohu eutrophication mechanical study, water function planning and its allowance pollution load study, non-point sources pollution research, study on ecological environmental status and internal loading pollution control. Since no any fundamental research for Chaohu lake eutrophication has been undertaken in recent 10 years, the results obtained decades ago can not satisfied the requirement of present eutrophication prevention and control. According to recent monitoring results, eutrophication issue still besets the lake. The paper points out that further study must start urgently and new countermeasures could be found consequently. Finally some main research facets are given for further study reference.
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