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引用本文:周静,王苏民,吕静.洱海地区一万多年以来气候环境演化的湖泊沉积记录.湖泊科学,2003,15(2):105-111. DOI:10.18307/2003.0202
ZHOU Jing,WANG Sumin,LV jing.Climatic and Environmental Changes from the Sediment Record of Erhai Lake over the Past 10000 Years. J. Lake Sci.2003,15(2):105-111. DOI:10.18307/2003.0202
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洱海地区一万多年以来气候环境演化的湖泊沉积记录
周静1,2, 王苏民1, 吕静3
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊沉积与环境开放实验室, 南京 210008;2.中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100039;3.中国科学院植物研究所, 北京 100093
摘要:
根据对洱海北部10.8m深水区ES孔沉积物高分辨率的孢粉、粒度、碳屑、藻类分析,结合AMS14C测年数据,划分了11个阶段,恢复了一万多年以来云南洱海地区气候环境演化序列.全球性的降温事件在该地区都有明显的反映,包括9900aBP(Younger Dryas)、8500aBP、7100aBP、5100aBP左右的四次冷事件,6800-5500aBP为全新世水热配置最佳期,距今2400年开始该地区出现较为明显的人类活动.
关键词:  洱海  多环境指标  冷事件  气候环境演化  人类活动
DOI:10.18307/2003.0202
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KZCX1-10-01)资助.
Climatic and Environmental Changes from the Sediment Record of Erhai Lake over the Past 10000 Years
ZHOU Jing1,2, WANG Sumin1, LV jing3
1.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China;2.Graduate School of CAS, Beijing 100039, P. R. China;3.Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, P. R. China
Abstract:
Erhai Lake, formed by faults, is the second largest freshwater lake on the northwestern Yunnan Plateau, southwestern of China. The area is influenced by southeast monsoon (from Bengal Gulf), the precipitation between March and October accounted for 70%-90% of a year. A nnual average temperature is 15.1℃. ES core with a length of 6.62m was taken from the deep-water area in the northern part of the lake basin in April, 2001. Based on the analysis of high resolution and multi-environmental proxies of this core, including AMS dating, pollen-spore, grain size, alga and carbon fragment, eleven phases of climatic and environmental changes have been identified. As a result, the regional paleoclimate and paleoenvironment are reconstructed over the past 10000 years. Four global cold events were well recorded, which happened in 9.9kaBP, 8.5kaBP, 7.1kaBP and 5.1kaBP. These cold events can be compared to those happened in different parts of the world. The period from 6.8kaBP to 5.5kaBP was the optimum period with wet and warm climate in Holocene. Obvious human activities began from 2.4kaBP in this region.
Key words:  Erhai Lake  multi-environmental proxies  cold events  evolution of environment and climate  human activities
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