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引用本文:许刚,朱振国,黄建光,于春.无锡市社会经济发展对水环境的影响.湖泊科学,2002,14(2):166-172. DOI:10.18307/2002.0211
XU Gang,ZHU Zhenguo,HUANG Jianguang,YU Chun.Effects of Socio-Economic Development on the Water Environment in Wuxi City, Taihu Watershed. J. Lake Sci.2002,14(2):166-172. DOI:10.18307/2002.0211
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无锡市社会经济发展对水环境的影响
许刚1,2, 朱振国1, 黄建光3, 于春1
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京210008;2.中国科学院研究生院, 北京100039;3.广西水文水资源局南宁分局, 南宁510003
摘要:
近 20年来,太湖流域地区在社会经济快速发展的同时,其生态环境也急剧恶化,特别是水体污染严重.本文分析了无锡市社会经济发展对水环境影响的主要因素与原因,并在分述工业生产、城市化发展、农业生产等对水环境影响的基础上,提出应对目前水环境问题的主要措施:优化并推进产业结构的调整升级、大力提倡水资源重复利用、实施污水处理企业化经营以及继续加强环境宣传教育.
关键词:  社会经济发展  水环境  对策  太湖流域
DOI:10.18307/2002.0211
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院区域发展前期研究项目(区域Ⅳ-9905);中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KZCX2-307)联合资助
Effects of Socio-Economic Development on the Water Environment in Wuxi City, Taihu Watershed
XU Gang1,2, ZHU Zhenguo1, HUANG Jianguang3, YU Chun1
1.Nanjing Insti tute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China;2.Graduate school, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, P. R. China;3.Nanjing Branch, Guangxi water Resources Bureau, Nanjing 510003, P. R. China
Abstract:
With the rapid social economic development, the ecological environment in Wuxi city has been worsened during the past 20 years, the pollution of water resource is especially serious and the water quality was decreased by one class in every 5 to 10 years.This paper studied the main factors and reasons of the effects of the social economic development on the water environment, especially Taihu Lake.Some measures to improve the water environment are suggested, i.e., the adjustment of industrial structures, improvement of recycle utilition rate of water resources, administration of sewage in the market economy and environment education to the people and so on.
Key words:  Social economic development  water environment  impacts  Taihu Watershed
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