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引用本文:黄文钰,许朋柱.骆马湖营养盐收支.湖泊科学,2001,13(3):240-246. DOI:10.18307/20010307
HUANG Wenyu,XU Pengzhu.Nutrient Balance in Luomahu Lake. J. Lake Sci.2001,13(3):240-246. DOI:10.18307/20010307
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骆马湖营养盐收支
黄文钰, 许朋柱
中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008
摘要:
根据对骆马湖1998年度营养盐(氮、磷)收入和支出的研究,结果表明:入湖氮、磷量分别为15764.78t和1035.53t.其中通过河道入湖的氮磷量最大,其年入湖氮磷量分别为13598.05t和942.35t,分别占总来源量的86.3%和91.0%.氮、磷在骆马湖湖体中的滞留量和沉降量较少,滞留量分别为1532.65t和221.63t,分别占总来源量的9.7%和21.4%;沉积量分别为205.47t和199.95t,分别占总来源量的1.3%和19.3%.湖水氮、磷蓄积变化大,湖水浓度升高较快.氮、磷负荷较大,年平均负荷量分别为总氮42.04 g/m2和总磷2.76g/m2.
关键词:      平衡  骆马湖
DOI:10.18307/20010307
分类号:
基金项目:国家"九五"攻关项目(95-008-02-02)资助
Nutrient Balance in Luomahu Lake
HUANG Wenyu, XU Pengzhu
Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China
Abstract:
Luomahu Lake is a seasonally shallow lake in the northern plain of Suqian City, Jiangsu Province, with an area of 375 km2 in 1998, and an average depth of 2.35 m.Based on investigations of possible sources of nitrogen, phosphorus from the basin as well as nutrient outputs in the Luomahu Lake basin, 1998, some estimates are drawn as follows.The total nutrients inputted to the lake are nitrogen 15764.78 t/a and phosphorus 10335.53 t/a, coming separately from its inlets (nitrogen 13598.05 t/a, phosphorus 942.35 t/a), land runoff (nitrogen 25.04 t/a, phosphorus 4.77 t/a), cage aquaculture and artificial food (nitrogen 304.05 t/a, phosphorus 48.06 t/a), release from the sediments (nitrogen 1170.90 t/a, phosphorus 12.64 t/a)and atmospheric precipitation (nitrogen 666.74 t/a, phosphorus 27.71 t/a).The total nutrients drained are nitrogen 14232.13 t/a and phosphorus 813.90 t/a, i. e. from output through rivers (nitrogen 12915.74 t/a, phosphorus 701.56 t/a), harvest of fish (nitrogen 223.12 t/a, phosphorus 57.72 t/a), harvest of aquatic plants (nitrogen 120.00 t/a, phosphorus 21.00 t/a), irrigation and factory utilization around the lake (nitrogen 973.27 t/a, phosphorus 33.62 t/a), respectively.The nutrient balance results shows that the main input and output ways of nitrogen and phosphorus are rivers, the nitrogen input by rivers occupies 86.3% of total input and phosphorus input 91.0%.Nutrient deposit is smaller, with nitrogen deposits 205.47 t/a (deposit efficient 0.097)and the phosphorus deposits 199.95 t/a (deposit efficient 0.214).The nutrient load is much higher, i. e. nitrogen is 42.04 g/(m2·a)and phosphorus 23.76 g/(m2·a).Nevertheless, the concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus in lake increased quickly in 1998.The main countermeasures of eutrophication controlled are reducing the nutrients from rivers and protecting the aquatic plants in Luomahu Lake.
Key words:  Nitrogen  phosphorus  balance  Luomahu Lake
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