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引用本文:阎水玉,王祥荣.流域生态学与太湖流域防洪、治污及可持续发展.湖泊科学,2001,13(1):1-8. DOI:10.18307/20010101
YAN Shuiyu,WANG Xiangrong.Watershed Ecology, Flood Disaster Control, Water Pollution Control and Sustainable Development in Taihu Basin. J. Lake Sci.2001,13(1):1-8. DOI:10.18307/20010101
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流域生态学与太湖流域防洪、治污及可持续发展
阎水玉1, 王祥荣2
1.华东师范大学环境科学系, 上海 200062;2.复旦大学环境科学与工程系, 上海 200433
摘要:
在评述流域生态学中的水文、湖沼、生态系统、景观、生态经济和生态管理等主要研究内容和复合生态系统、河流连续统、生态交错带、等级系统、格局-尺度-过程、信息系统等概念理论以及流域自然过程、生物功能、系统结构、生态环境、流域生态管理等流域生态学热点问题的基础上,总结分析了太湖流域防洪、治污及可持续发展与流域生态学的关系,指出流域生态学在太湖流域的流域开发、环境治理、区域可持续发展等实践方面起着越来越重要的指导作用,有必要开展深入研究.
关键词:  流域生态学  太湖流域  洪水灾害  水污染  可持续发展
DOI:10.18307/20010101
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(39930040)资助
Watershed Ecology, Flood Disaster Control, Water Pollution Control and Sustainable Development in Taihu Basin
YAN Shuiyu1, WANG Xiangrong2
1.Department of Environmental Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, P. R. China;2.Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, P. R. China
Abstract:
Watershed ecology is an intersect discipline of hydrology, limnology, ecosystem ecology, landscape ecology, eco-economics and eco-management.Because of the watershed ecology's significance to watershed sustainable development, people at tach importance to it increasingly. About watershed ecology, we should pay more attention to these theories and concepts as follow s:society-economy-nature muti-ecosystem, river continuum concept, ecotone theory, hierarchy theory, pattern-process-scale, and watershed informat ion system.Now, the t rends of watershed ecology concentrates on five point s which are watershed physical process, bio-service, structure and function of watershed ecosystem, watershed environment and watershed management.In East China, there is an important region, which is Taihu Lake basin.10 percent of Chinese GNP comes from this 0.4 percent of Chinese territory.But frequent flood disaster and increasing water pollution confront regional sustainable development.Based on the deliberation watershed ecology, the significance of watershed ecology to flood disaster control, water pollution control and sustainable development in Taihu basin are discussed in this paper.It is suggested that the study and application of watershed ecology should be an effective approach to solve those problems, and that it is necessary to deepen the research.
Key words:  Watershed ecology  flood disaster  water pollution  sustainable development  Taihu Basin
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