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引用本文:杨宇峰,黄祥飞.浮游动物生态学研究进展.湖泊科学,2000,12(1):81-90. DOI:10.18307/2000.0113
YANG Yufeng,HUANG Xiangfei.Advances in Ecological Studies on Zooplankton. J. Lake Sci.2000,12(1):81-90. DOI:10.18307/2000.0113
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浮游动物生态学研究进展
杨宇峰1,2, 黄祥飞3
1.汕头大学海洋生物实验室, 汕头515063;2.中国科学院海洋研究所, 青岛266071;3.中国科学院水生生物研究所, 武汉430072
摘要:
本文综述了近年来浮游动物生态学研究的最新进展,内容包括:长期生态学研究,浮游动物种类组成和现存量动态的研究,捕食生态研究,温度、食物等因子对浮游动物影响的研究此外,还对浮游动物分子生物学、微表层浮游动物生态学、大型水利工程和能源设施建设对水生态系和浮游动物的影响及浮游动物大规模高密度培养技术等热点问题进行了讨论.
关键词:  浮游动物  生态学  进展
DOI:10.18307/2000.0113
分类号:
基金项目:国家重点基金(39630090)和国家杰出青年基金(39625008)联合资助
Advances in Ecological Studies on Zooplankton
YANG Yufeng1,2, HUANG Xiangfei3
1.Marine Biological Laboratory, Shantou University, Shantou 515063, P. R. China;2.Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, P. R. China;3.Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, P.R. China
Abstract:
Advances in ecological stuides on zooplankton were reviewed based on the published papers and authors studies.Contents include long-term ecology, dynamics changes of zooplankton, predation ecology and effects of environmental factors such as temperature, food resources on zooplankton.Long-term studies on zooplankton are very important to understand changes of ecosystem, especially those driven by slow processes, rare or episodic events and highly variable, stable or complex processes.The major objectives of long-term investigations are to provide reliable estimates of base-line variation, to detect long-term trends in the mean level of base-line, to detect rare events and to provide information for meaningful, testable hypotheses.A lot of research results demonstrated that changes in zooplankton community structure were determined largely by fish in the water bodies, with high stocking rate of planktivorous fish, and also by predation of invertebrate animals such as some copepods.Water temperature, food resources etc.may cause a stable zooplankton community.Among the freshwater zooplankton community, Daphnia and Cyclops vicinus may be the key groups.Because Daphnia plays a key role in the top-down control of phytoplankton, and C.vicinus are key factors in aquatic food chain during the period of their maximum abundance.In addition, several research topics such as molecule biology of zooplankton, zooplankton ecology of the surface microlayer, influence of engineering water conservancy project on ecosystem and zooplankton, and batch culture of zooplankton were discusses.
Key words:  Zooplankton  ecology  advance
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