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引用本文:虞孝感,吴泰来,姜加虎,毛锐.关于1999年太湖流域洪水灾情、成因及流域整治的若干认识和建议.湖泊科学,2000,12(1):1-5. DOI:10.18307/2000.0101
YU Xiaogan,WU Tailai,JIANG Jiahu,MAO Rui.1999 Heavy Flooding in the Taihu Basin: Investigation, Analysis and Further Suggestions on the Integrated Harnessing in the Basin. J. Lake Sci.2000,12(1):1-5. DOI:10.18307/2000.0101
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关于1999年太湖流域洪水灾情、成因及流域整治的若干认识和建议
虞孝感1, 吴泰来2, 姜加虎1, 毛锐1
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京210008;2.水利部太湖流域管理局, 上海200434
摘要:
1999年春末夏初,太湖流域发生了建国以来继1954年和1991年洪水后的又一次全流域性大洪水,造成了严重经济损失.中国科学院在定购和解译加拿大雷达卫星图像,派遣遥感飞机现场航拍的基础上,组织精干力量,投入洪水灾情调查,并得到太湖流域水利主管部门、地方各级政府和人民解放军的大力支持和协助,获得了关于1999年太湖流域洪涝灾情的大量资料及洪灾成因的初步认识,并对太湖流域进一步整治问题提出若干建议.
关键词:  Taihu Basin  flood  intergrated harnessing
DOI:10.18307/2000.0101
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院"九五"重大A(KZ951-A1-202)资助项目
1999 Heavy Flooding in the Taihu Basin: Investigation, Analysis and Further Suggestions on the Integrated Harnessing in the Basin
YU Xiaogan1, WU Tailai2, JIANG Jiahu1, MAO Rui1
1.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China;2.Taihu Basin Authority, Ministry of Water Resources, Shanghai 200434, P. R. China
Abstract:
Another flood as heavy as that of 1954 and 1991 takes place in the Taihu Basin during the Plum Rain period, 1999.The precipitation amounts to 672.8mm, which is the greatest ever recorded since 1928 in the basin.The water level in many stations rises up sharply, all higher than warning level.Some stations have recorded the highest levels in history.On July 8, the water level in Taihu lake (averaged by 5 stations around the Taihu Lake) reaches 5.08m, which is 0.42m and 0.28m higher than those recorded in 1954 and 1991.The period that the level ex-ceedsanti-flood level (4.66m) has lasted more than one month, resulting a drowned area of more than 304 thousand ha.The direct loss has targeted 13.2 billion yuan (RMB).After first-hand investigation in situ and analysising remote sensing data during the flood period, the authors bring forward sorhe suggestion on the intergrated harnessing in the basin.
Key words:  Taihu Basin  flood  intergrated harnessing
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