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引用本文:孙建贻,张道源,段中华,谭德清.洪湖日本沼虾的种群繁殖生物学.湖泊科学,1998,10(2):72-77. DOI:10.18307/1998.0212
Sun Jianyi,Zhang Daoyuan,Duan Zhonghua,Tan Deqing.The Population Reproduction of Freshwater Shrimp (Macrobachium nipponensis) in Honghu Lake. J. Lake Sci.1998,10(2):72-77. DOI:10.18307/1998.0212
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洪湖日本沼虾的种群繁殖生物学
孙建贻, 张道源, 段中华, 谭德清
中国科学院水生生物研究所, 武汉 430072
摘要:
1994年5月至1995年6月对洪湖日本沼虾的种群繁殖生物学进行了研究.洪湖日本沼虾的繁殖期为4月中旬至10月上旬,5月中旬至8月中旬为日本沼虾的繁殖高峰期,其中6月、8月雌虾抱卵率均在70%以上;日本沼虾群体中雄性总是少于雌性,月性比(♀/♂)变化于1.104-5.780之间,3—6月性比逐渐增高,7─10月性比则逐渐降低;在整个繁殖期.4─7月的抱卵虾均为前一年出生的大、中规格的个体,之后当年出生的个体在繁殖群体中逐渐占据优势;春季抱卵虾的绝对繁殖力和相对繁殖力都大于秋季抱卵虾,分别计算了绝对繁殖力、相对繁殖力与体长、体重的函数关系.本文还对日本沼虾群体性比的周年变化及其产卵次数进行了讨论.
关键词:  日本沼虾  种群  繁殖  洪湖
DOI:10.18307/1998.0212
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The Population Reproduction of Freshwater Shrimp (Macrobachium nipponensis) in Honghu Lake
Sun Jianyi, Zhang Daoyuan, Duan Zhonghua, Tan Deqing
Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academp of Sciences, Wuhan 430072
Abstract:
The population reproduction of freshwater shrimp (Macrobrachium nipponensls)Was studied in Honghu Lake from May 1994 to June l995. The spawning period of M.nipponensis is from mid-April tO early October,and the peak lasts from mid-May to early September,the egg-carrying rates of females in June and August are both m ore than 70%. During the spawning period·the egg-carrying fem ales from April to July are all bigger ones.born last year,afterwards the smaller ones,born this year.predom inate gradually am ong the egg-carrying ones. The nutuber of the females is always m ore than that of the males.The m onthly sex ratio (♀/♂)ranges from l_104 tO 5.780,increases from March to June but drops from July to October gradually. The absolute reproduction ability and relative reproduction ability of egg—carrying females in spring are both greater than those in autum n. The relationship between the absolute or relative reproduction ability and body length or weight can be expressed by different equations,for example,the relationship between the absolute reproduction ability and body length. the equations are F = 9.7050L3.2032(r= 0,9218) in spring and F=9.7050L 2.6688(r= 0.9589) n autumn respectivelly. T his report also deals with the reason for the monthly variations of the sex ratio and the spawning ability of M.nipponensis in a year.
Key words:  M.acrobrachium nipponensis  population  reproduction  Honghu Lake
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