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引用本文:胡东生.柴达本盆地沙下盐湖的卤水化学及矿物沉积特征——以察尔汗盐湖区北部外围地带为例.湖泊科学,1995,7(4):327-333. DOI:10.18307/1995.0406
Hu Dongsheng.Brine chemistry and mineral sedimentary characteristics of undersand salt lakes in Qaidam Basin:an example from the peripheral zone of Qarhan salt lake. J. Lake Sci.1995,7(4):327-333. DOI:10.18307/1995.0406
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柴达本盆地沙下盐湖的卤水化学及矿物沉积特征——以察尔汗盐湖区北部外围地带为例
胡东生
中国科学院盐湖研究所, 西宁 8l0008
摘要:
对柴达木盆地察尔汗盐湖区外围沙下盐湖的卤水及沉积进行了综合研究。沙下盐湖卤水化学组成与地表径流和开放性盐湖卤水之间存在明显的差异性,具有高Na++Cl-、低Mg2++Ca2++SO42-、贫K++CO32-+HCO3-等特征。沙下盐湖析盐层位含有新生矿物并夹带碎屑矿物,其盐类矿物组合为:石盐+羟氯镁铝石+光卤石。25℃等温蒸发相图表明,其卤水演化方向往光卤石析出区迁移,在穿越上覆盖层通道中卤水发生的物理化学反应与独特的沉积特征,可以作为继续寻找沙下盐湖的指导。
关键词:  卤水化学组成  沉积矿物组合  沙下盐湖  柴达木盆地
DOI:10.18307/1995.0406
分类号:
基金项目:国家重大科技攻关项目(编号:85-802-1)基金资助课题
Brine chemistry and mineral sedimentary characteristics of undersand salt lakes in Qaidam Basin:an example from the peripheral zone of Qarhan salt lake
Hu Dongsheng
Institute of Salt Lakes, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xinjing 810008
Abstract:
There are undersand salt lakes around Qarhan Salt Lake of Qaidam Basin. Their brine chemical compositions are obviously different from those of surface flows and open salt lakes, with higher Na++C-, lower Mg2++Ca2++SO42-, poor K++CO32-+HCO3- etc.. Salt-forming beds of undersand salt lakes contain neogenic minerals with detrital minerals carried, of which salt mineral assemblage is:halite + koenenite + carnallite. The facial map of isothermal evaporation at 251 indicates that the evolution direction of their brine tends to immigrate to carnallite area. When their brine passes through the channel of covering strata, physical and chemical affection may occur, and special sedimentary characteristics be observed. Ail these indicative characteristics may provide evidences for further exploitation of iindersand salt lakes.
Key words:  Brine chemical composition  sedimentary mineral assemblage  undersand salt lake  Qaidam Basin
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