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引用本文:郑喜玉.青藏高原盐湖资源的开发利用.湖泊科学,1994,6(3):267-275. DOI:10.18307/1994.0310
Zheng Xiyu.Comprehensive utilization of salt lake resources over Qinghai-Xizang(Tibet) Plateau. J. Lake Sci.1994,6(3):267-275. DOI:10.18307/1994.0310
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青藏高原盐湖资源的开发利用
郑喜玉
作者单位
郑喜玉 中国科学院盐湖研究所, 西宁810008 
摘要:
本文首先介绍了青藏高原盐湖的基本概况,分布特征;重点叙述了该区盐湖自然资源的类型、盐类沉积矿物组合,卤水的水化学成分,盐湖资源的规模和开发利用现状;提出了今后开发利用盐湖资源的方向和途径。
关键词:  盐湖资源  盐类矿物  卤水成分
DOI:10.18307/1994.0310
分类号:
基金项目:
Comprehensive utilization of salt lake resources over Qinghai-Xizang(Tibet) Plateau
Zheng Xiyu
Abstract:
The salt lakes over Qinghai-Xizang Plateau is characterized by large numbers, wide distribution, complete types, rich and important natural resources in China.Except large amount of carbonate, sulpfiate, borate and chloride deposits, there are brine resources, rich in trace elements and dispersed elements, especially Li,B,Mg.The high grade,great reserves of trace elements have taken the dominate position in salt lake resources in China, and is also rarely seen in other salt lakes in the world.There are various kinds of salt lake resources over Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, for example, solid salt deposits, saline brines, inorganic salt deposits and also various salt lake bio-resources.Halite, mirabilite, trona, carnallite, bischofite, sylvite, antarcticite, celestite, borates (borax, ulexite, pinnoite, kurnakovite) have formed sedimentary deposits of different sizes for direct utilization.Besides, there are saline brines, rich in K, Mg, B, Li, Rb, Cs, U, Th for comprehensive use.In some salt lakes like Dongcuo, Gahai, there are many kinds of halobionts which may be used as a new kind of salt lake resources in the future.
Key words:  Salt Lake resources  saline minerals  brine composition  Qinghai-Xizang(Tibet) Plateau
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