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引用本文:夏宜琤.三峡工程的生态环境问题.湖泊科学,1993,5(2):181-191. DOI:10.18307/1993.0211
Xia Yicheng.THE EFFECT OF THE PROPOSED THREE-GORGES PROJECT OF CHANGJIANG RIVER ON ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT. J. Lake Sci.1993,5(2):181-191. DOI:10.18307/1993.0211
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三峡工程的生态环境问题
夏宜琤
中国科学院水生生物研究所, 武汉 430072
摘要:
对长江三峡工程有关的若干生态环境问题作了比较系统的综述。主要涉及生物多样性,珍稀物种和长江渔业;人、地、粮关系;中游湖泊与湖区环境;河口生态环境以及库区地质环境等。
关键词:  长江  三峡工程  生态与环境
DOI:10.18307/1993.0211
分类号:
基金项目:
THE EFFECT OF THE PROPOSED THREE-GORGES PROJECT OF CHANGJIANG RIVER ON ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Xia Yicheng
Institute of Hydrobiology, Academia Sinica, Wuhan 430072
Abstract:
The impacts of the Three-Gorge Project are summarized in this paper from the viewpoint of the whole river basin and system ecology. Among the impacts on aquatic ecosystem and fishery of the Changjiang River basin,emphasis is placed on the survival of certain precious and rare species, such as the indigenous River Dolphin, Lipotes vexillifer. Impacts on terrestrial ecosystem include the ecological changes of the inundated, agricultural land,and the carrying capacity of the land for the resettled population in the upper reaches of the river and changes of the environment of lowland district and lowlying rice fields in the middle and lower reaches. Impacts on the surrounding geology and safety of the reservoir area include mud-rock flow,land slide and earthquake. Impacts on estuarine ecology involves increasing salination of water and soil, erosion of coastline, and the security of Shanghai city. The impacts on the cultural landscape of the Three-Gorge area are also highlighted.Through the overall and systematic analysis,the conclusion is drawn that there are both advantageous and disadvantageous aspects in the effects of the Three-Gorge Project on ecology and environment, but the disadvantageous effects are by far the greater. In order to promote what is beneficial and to reduce what is harmful,a large amount of funds has to be invested and a series of remedial measures must be taken. Further survey and studies on some of the long-term impacts which are difficult to be foreseen at present should be carried out.
Key words:  Changjiang River  Three-Gorge Project  ecology and environment
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