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引用本文:施少华.全新世高温期环境变化对太湖流域新石器文化的影响.湖泊科学,1993,5(2):136-143. DOI:10.18307/1993.0205
Shi Shaohua.THE IMPACT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES OF HOLOCENE MEGATHERMAL ON THE NEOLITHIC CULTURE IN TAIHU LAKE AREA. J. Lake Sci.1993,5(2):136-143. DOI:10.18307/1993.0205
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全新世高温期环境变化对太湖流域新石器文化的影响
施少华
中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008
摘要:
从太湖流域新石器时代(包括马家浜、崧泽和良渚三个文化期)文化遗址的分布范围、遗址数量、生产方式和文化特征等多方面,分析了全新世高温期(8-3ka B.P.)环境变化对本地区新石器时期古文化发展的影响。结果表明,全新世高温期暖湿而且较为稳定的气候环境,有利于先民们的生活,促使了本地区新石器文化的飞跃发展,包括原始农业、家畜业的产生和发展,先民们活动范围扩大和遗址数量增加等等。但高温期中存在气候剧烈波动阶段和气候迅速变化的低温事件,以及伴随它们出现的各种严重自然灾害,严重阻碍和限制了古文化的发展,甚至是毁灭性的打击,使得文化性质发生根本的变化。
关键词:  新石器文化  全新世高温期  环境变化  低温事件
DOI:10.18307/1993.0205
分类号:
基金项目:
THE IMPACT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES OF HOLOCENE MEGATHERMAL ON THE NEOLITHIC CULTURE IN TAIHU LAKE AREA
Shi Shaohua
Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Academia sinica, Nanjing 210008
Abstract:
Based on the Neolithic Culture data in Taihu Lake area,including the distribution and number of culture sites.production styles and the character of culture et al.,a research is made on the impact of environmental changes in Holocene Megathermal (8-3 ka B. P. ) on the development of the Neolithic Culture in this region. The results show that the warm, wet and stable climate in Holocene Megathermal was favourable to the living of ancient people in Nelithic Ages,as well as to a rapid increase in production,population and settlements of Neolithic Culture,especially Neolithic Liangzhu Culture in this region. But there were several abrupt climatic fluctuation stages and cooling events took place during the Holocene Megathermal. Such adverse environment and natural calamities in these stages hindered the development of the Neolithic Culture,and sometimes even destroyed neolithic culture.
Key words:  Neolithic culture  Holocene Megathermal  environmental changes  cooling event
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