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引用本文:胡文英,季江,潘红玺.程海的水质状况及咸化趋势.湖泊科学,1992,4(2):60-66. DOI:10.18307/1992.0208
Hu Wenying,Ji Jiang,Pan Hongxi.A preliminary study of water quality and salinization in Chenghai Lake. J. Lake Sci.1992,4(2):60-66. DOI:10.18307/1992.0208
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程海的水质状况及咸化趋势
胡文英, 季江, 潘红玺
中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京210008
摘要:
程海又名黑坞海,位于东经100°38-41',北纬26°27-38'之间,即今云南省永胜县城西南20km处,是横断山区最大的一个内流高山湖泊。长期以来,程海的水量出湖略大于入湖,湖水量逐年减少,水质向咸化方向发展。本文根据1981年5月27日-6月5日对程海的综合调查资料,重点分析了1972年至1981年水质演变情况,对水质状况及成化趋势进行了初步研究。
关键词:  成化趋势  程海水质
DOI:10.18307/1992.0208
分类号:
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A preliminary study of water quality and salinization in Chenghai Lake
Hu Wenying, Ji Jiang, Pan Hongxi
Nanjing Institute of Geography Academia Sinica Nanjing 210008
Abstract:
Chenghai Lake is situated at some 20km southwest of Yongsheng Town on Yunnan Plateau.The lake area is 77.22km2,its average water depth 25.7m and water volume about 19.87×106m3. Chenghai Lake, a first known slight salty water lake in Hengduanshan Mountains.According to the chemical analysis, the mineralization of the lake water has been gradually increasing, from less than 900 mg/L in the year 1972-1974> to 956-991 mg/L in 1975-1979, and to 1004 mg/L in 1981.The mineralization has an increase of about 10.4 mg/L averagely.The lake water changed from fresh to brackish.The content of main ions in the lake water is HCO3- >C032- ≥Cl- >S042- and Na4 >Mg2+ ≥K+ > Ca2+, belonging to the type of C1Na.With abundant dissolved oxygen and sufficient nutrient elements in the water, this lake has favourable conditions for fishery.As the lake is getting salified successively, Chenghai Lake area is unsuitable for the development of industry and agriculture.Being a closed lake of high mountains, according to the proximative analysis and calculation, Chenghai Lake has a total inflow of 1913.0×106m3 and a total outflow of 2056.3×106m3, correspondingly the salty composition carried into the lake is more than that of the outflow from the lake, hence resulting in salty composition accumulation and an increase in water mineralization.In order to prevent the lake water from the continueons increase in mineralization, it's necessary to increase the surface runoH volume flowing into the lake, to control and raduce the water quantity for industry and agriculture; and to study the problem of restraining the evaporation from water surface.
Key words:  water quality salinzation  Chenghai Lake
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