投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:时志强,张运林,蔡同锋.长江中下游浅水湖泊悬浮颗粒物吸收系数测定方法探讨.湖泊科学,2015,27(3):519-526. DOI:10.18307/2015.0320
SHI Zhiqiang,ZHANG Yunlin,CAI Tongfeng.Determination of the spectral absorption coefficients of suspended particulate matters in the shallow lakes in the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River. J. Lake Sci.2015,27(3):519-526. DOI:10.18307/2015.0320
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 4655次   下载 2018 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
长江中下游浅水湖泊悬浮颗粒物吸收系数测定方法探讨
时志强1,2, 张运林2, 蔡同锋1
1.江苏省环境监测中心, 南京 210036;2.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室, 南京 210008
摘要:
对两种水体悬浮颗粒物吸收系数测定方法及相关计算进行对比研究.通过长江中下游湖泊典型藻类的实验室培养,利用T方法和T-R方法分别对藻类颗粒物、藻类泥沙混合悬浊液进行吸收系数测定.通过颗粒物光谱吸收系数与叶绿素a之间的相关性关系,对比了两种方法的测量稳定性.通过对不同比例的藻类和无机悬浮颗粒物(ISS)的混合悬浊液进行分析,获得了不同浊度水体悬浮物吸收光谱的变化情况.结果表明,在纯藻或者泥沙含量较少的水体进行颗粒物吸收系数光谱测定时,T方法和T-R方法均可以采用,并且均具有较高的测定精度.然而,在泥沙含量相对较高的浑浊水体,应尽量选取T-R方法进行颗粒物吸收光谱的测定,以提高测定精度.长江中下游浅水湖泊由于底泥易受风浪影响发生再悬浮,因此在颗粒物吸收系数光谱测定中,当水体中ISS含量超过30mg/L时,应选择T-R方法.
关键词:  颗粒物吸收系数  悬浮颗粒物  T方法  T-R方法  浅水湖泊  长江中下游
DOI:10.18307/2015.0320
分类号:
基金项目:江苏省杰出青年基金项目(BK2012050)、中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所"一三五"重点布局项目(NIGLAS2012135003)和美国能源基金项目(G-1006-12776)联合资助.
Determination of the spectral absorption coefficients of suspended particulate matters in the shallow lakes in the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River
SHI Zhiqiang1,2, ZHANG Yunlin2, CAI Tongfeng1
1.Environmental Monitoring Center of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210036, P.R.China;2.State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P.R.China
Abstract:
Two methods for measuring absorption coefficients of suspended particulate matters in water were studied and compared.Through the laboratory culturing of typical algae from the shallow lakes in the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River, the algal particles and the suspension of algae and sediments were determined by Transmittance (T) and Transmittance-Reflectance (T-R) methods, respectively.The measuring stability of the two methods was compared according to the relationships between the spectral absorption coefficients and Chlorophyll-a of the suspended matters.To obtain absorption spectral changes of suspended matters at different levels of turbidity water, the suspension composed of algae and inorganic particles in different concentration gradients were analyzed.The results showed that both T and T-R methods could be applied and have high measurement precisions in pure algae or water containing less inorganic suspended particulate matters.However, the T-R method should be selected for the suspended particulate matter absorption spectra determination in turbid water.This can improve the measurement precision.Considering that the sediments in the study area are susceptible to wind and thus re-suspension, when the inorganic suspended particulate matters in water exceeded 30mg/L, the T-R method should be selected.
Key words:  Spectral absorption coefficients  suspended particulate matters  Transmittance method  Transmittance-Reflectance method  shallow lakes  middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River
分享按钮