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引用本文:张亚朋,章婷曦,王国祥.苦草(Vallisnerianatans)对沉积物微生物群落结构的影响.湖泊科学,2015,27(3):445-450. DOI:10.18307/2015.0311
ZHANG Yapeng,ZHANG Tingxi,WANG Guoxiang.Influence of Vallisneria natans on microbial community in sediments. J. Lake Sci.2015,27(3):445-450. DOI:10.18307/2015.0311
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苦草(Vallisnerianatans)对沉积物微生物群落结构的影响
张亚朋1, 章婷曦1,2,3, 王国祥1,2,3
1.南京师范大学地理科学学院, 南京 210023;2.江苏省碳氮循环过程与污染控制重点实验室, 南京 210023;3.江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心, 南京 210023
摘要:
模拟湖泊系统构建了"沉积物-水-苦草(Vallisneria natans)"系统,应用磷脂脂肪酸(PLFAs)法测定在沉水植物苦草不同生长时期沉积物表层微生物群落结构的变化,探讨沉水植物对沉积物中的微生物群落结构的影响.结果表明,从苦草生长初期到旺盛期再到衰亡期,沉积物中有机质含量先下降后上升;总磷、有机磷、无机磷分别下降了8.97%、7.81%、10.28%;沉积物微生物的活性与总磷呈极显著负相关,在苦草生长初期和旺盛期,实验组的沉积物微生物活性大于对照组,而在衰亡期对照组的沉积物微生物活性略高于实验组;不同时期沉积物中微生物群落结构发生了明显变化,组成结构差异显著,微生物组成中细菌占主要成分(占微生物总量的76%~84%);细菌中革兰氏阳性菌占主要优势,且革兰氏阳性菌百分含量随苦草生长呈上升趋势,革兰氏阴性菌呈下降趋势;真菌的百分含量呈上升趋势.
关键词:  沉积物  苦草  微生物群落结构  磷脂脂肪酸
DOI:10.18307/2015.0311
分类号:
基金项目:江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK2011790)、国家自然科学基金项目(41303058,41173078)、江苏高校优势学科建设工程项目和江苏省太湖水环境治理专项基金项目(TH2012304)联合资助
Influence of Vallisneria natans on microbial community in sediments
ZHANG Yapeng1, ZHANG Tingxi1,2,3, WANG Guoxiang1,2,3
1.School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, P.R.China;2.Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Carbon and Nitrogen Cycle Process and Pollution Control, Nanjing 210023, P.R.China;3.Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, P.R.China
Abstract:
A sediment-water-Vallisneria natans system was built within a simulating lake system, where phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) method was used to determine the changes in sediment microbial community structures in the submerged plant V.natans at different growth stages.The results showed that during the growth of V.natans, the organic matter content decreased first and then increased.The concentrations of total phosphorus, organic phosphorus and inorganic phosphorus decreased by 8.97%, 7.81% and 10.28%, respectively, during the growth period.The microbial activity and total phosphorus in sediments showed extremely significantly negative correlation.In the early exuberant period, microbial activity in the experimental group was greater than the control group, while the decline in the microbial activity of the control group was slightly higher than the experimental group.Microbial community structure in the sediments of different periods showed significant differences.Bacteria were the main part of the total sediment microbes, accounting for 76% to 84% of the total microbial.As to bacterial distribution, gram-positive bacilli were predominant.The percentage of gram-positive bacteria and fungi increased with the growth of the V.natans.
Key words:  Sediments  Vallisneria natans  microbial community  PLFAs
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