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引用本文:张辉,彭宇琼,邹贤妮,张婷婷,巫楚,乔永民,杨洪允.南亚热带特大型水库浮游植物群落特征及其与环境因子的关系:以新丰江水库为例.湖泊科学,2022,34(2):404-417. DOI:10.18307/2022.0204
Zhang Hui,Peng Yuqiong,Zou Xianni,Zhang Tingting,Wu Chu,Qiao Yongmin,Yang Hongyun.The characteristics of phytoplankton community structure and its relationship with environmental factors of a large reservoir in subtropic of Southern China: A case study of Xinfengjiang Reservoir. J. Lake Sci.2022,34(2):404-417. DOI:10.18307/2022.0204
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南亚热带特大型水库浮游植物群落特征及其与环境因子的关系:以新丰江水库为例
张辉1, 彭宇琼1, 邹贤妮1, 张婷婷1, 巫楚1, 乔永民2, 杨洪允2
1.广东省河源生态环境监测站, 河源 517000;2.暨南大学水生生物研究所, 广州 510632
摘要:
为了解亚热带大型深水贫营养水库的浮游植物群落特征及生态现状,2019年9月至2020年8月对新丰江水库的浮游植物群落结构和水体理化指标进行了周年调查.结果表明,新丰江水库水质达到《地表水环境质量标准》(GB 3838—2002)Ⅰ类标准,综合营养状态指数(TLI(∑))在15~28之间,整体上处于贫营养状态.共检出浮游植物8门89属189种,其中绿藻门94种、蓝藻门36种、硅藻门33种、裸藻门10种和甲藻门9种,分别占总种数的49.74%、19.05%、17.46%、5.29%和4.76%.浮游植物群落结构冬季和春季为绿藻-硅藻型、夏秋季为绿藻-蓝藻型;浮游植物丰度范围为0.33×106~11.78×106 cells/L,均值为3.75×106 cells/L.其时间变化特征为2019年9月至2020年3月呈下降趋势,此后至2020年7月又呈缓慢上升.浮游植物生物量变化范围为0.26~2.49 mg/L,均值为1.19 mg/L,其时间分布与丰度基本一致,其中绿藻门和硅藻门为生物量主要贡献类群;相关分析和典型对应分析(CCA)结果表明,水温是影响新丰江水库浮游植物群落结构的关键因素,其次为透明度和电导率.该研究对于深入认识贫营养水体藻类生态学特征,拓展湖沼学研究范围与思路具有重要意义.
关键词:  南亚热带  新丰江水库  浮游植物  群落特征  时空变化  环境因子
DOI:10.18307/2022.0204
分类号:
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2013ZX07105-005-02)和河源市社会发展科技计划项目(201103101472576)联合资助.
The characteristics of phytoplankton community structure and its relationship with environmental factors of a large reservoir in subtropic of Southern China: A case study of Xinfengjiang Reservoir
Zhang Hui1, Peng Yuqiong1, Zou Xianni1, Zhang Tingting1, Wu Chu1, Qiao Yongmin2, Yang Hongyun2
1.Heyuan Ecology Environment Monitoring Station of Guangdong, Heyuan 517000, P. R. China;2.Institute of Hydrobiology, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, P. R. China
Abstract:
To understand the characteristics of the phytoplankton community structure and its relationship with environmental factors, an investigation was carried out monthly from September 2019 to August 2020 in Xinfengjiang Reservoir, a large oligotrophic reservoir in Southern China. The results showed that the water quality indexes of Xinfengjiang Reservoir met the CriterionⅠaccording to the "Surface Water Environmental Quality Standard" (GB 3838-2002). A total of 189 phytoplankton species were identified, belonging to 8 phyla and 89 genera. Among these species, 94 were members of Chlorophyta, 36 Cyanophyta, 33 Bacillariophyta, 10 Euglenophyta and 9 Pyrrophyta, accounting for 49.74%, 19.05%, 17.46%, 5.29% and 4.76% of the total phytoplankton species, respectively. The phytoplankton community structure was Chlorella-Diatom form in winter and spring 2020, and Chlorella-Cyanophyta form in summer and autumn 2019. The abundance of phytoplankton ranged from 0.33×106 to 11.78×106 cells/L with an average range of 3.75×106 cells/L. it was higher in autumn and winter in 2019 than that of spring and summer in 2020. The phytoplankton biomass has a range of 0.26-2.49 mg/L with an average of 1.19 mg/L. The temporal trend of biomass was as similar as that of abundance with dominated groups of Cyanophyta and Chlorophyta as well as Chlorophyta and Diatoms Correlation and canonical correspondence analysis showed that water temperature was the key factor affecting phytoplankton community structure in Xinfengjiang Reservoir, followed by water transparency and electrical conductivity. The present study had great significance for further understanding the ecological characteristics of phytoplankton in the oligotrophic reservoir, as well as expanding the study scope of limnology.
Key words:  Subtropic of Southern China  Xinfengjiang Reservoir  phytoplankton  community structure  spatio-temporal variation  environmental factors
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