投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:高可伟,朱元荣,孙福红,陈艳卿,廖海清,马蕙蕙,胡晓燕.我国典型湖泊及其入湖河流氮磷水质协同控制探讨.湖泊科学,2021,33(5):1400-1414. DOI:10.18307/2021.0509
Gao Kewei,Zhu Yuanrong,Sun Fuhong,Chen Yanqing,Liao Haiqing,Ma Huihui,Hu Xiaoyan.A study on the collaborative control of water quality of nitrogen and phosphorus between typical lakes and their inflow rivers in China*. J. Lake Sci.2021,33(5):1400-1414. DOI:10.18307/2021.0509
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 584次   下载 379 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
我国典型湖泊及其入湖河流氮磷水质协同控制探讨
高可伟1,2, 朱元荣2, 孙福红2, 陈艳卿2, 廖海清2, 马蕙蕙2,3, 胡晓燕1,2
1.长江大学地球科学学院, 武汉 430100;2.中国环境科学研究院, 环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室, 北京 100012;3.西北师范大学地理与环境科学学院, 兰州 730070
摘要:
入湖河流是外源氮磷输入湖泊的主要途径,是湖泊外源输入控制的关键中间环节.本文主要开展我国一些典型湖泊及其主要入湖河流总氮、总磷浓度对比研究,结合入湖河流氮磷输入对湖体营养水平和富营养化程度的影响分析,初步探讨我国入湖河流与湖体氮磷水质协同控制的必要性和途径.结果表明,目前入湖河流氮磷水平仍然是我国一些典型湖泊水体氮磷水平和富营养化程度的重要影响因素之一;单纯依靠入湖河流氮磷协同控制已经无法较好地实现我国一些湖泊氮磷水平达到Ⅲ类及以下水平和中营养化水平及以下,建议结合内源控制、生态修复等综合治理;除了入湖河流氮磷水质,水量也是湖泊水体氮磷水平和富营养化程度的重要因素之一.进一步结合国际上入湖河流和湖泊氮磷协同控制,以及《地表水环境质量标准》(GB 3838—2002)和相关配套政策、措施等,最终提出我国入湖河流与湖体氮磷协同控制政策建议,以期为富营养化湖泊外源氮磷输入控制,湖泊内源治理和生态修复有效开展等提供支撑和依据.
关键词:  入湖河流  湖泊      富营养化效应  基准标准  协同控制
DOI:10.18307/2021.0509
分类号:
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2018ZX07208001)和国家自然科学基金项目(41877380)联合资助.
A study on the collaborative control of water quality of nitrogen and phosphorus between typical lakes and their inflow rivers in China*
Gao Kewei1,2, Zhu Yuanrong2, Sun Fuhong2, Chen Yanqing2, Liao Haiqing2, Ma Huihui2,3, Hu Xiaoyan1,2
1.School of Earth Science, Yangtze University, Wuhan 430100, P. R. China;2.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, P. R. China;3.School of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, P. R. China
Abstract:
Inflow rivers is the main way for exogenous nitrogen and phosphorus input to lakes, which is also the key transition zone to control the external sources of lakes. Comparative analysis of total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) concentrations of typical lakes and their main inflow rivers from different regions of China was carried out. Based on these analyses, the influence of nitrogen and phosphorus input by the main inflow rivers on the eutrophication of lakes was discussed. Finally, the collaborative control of nutrients of water (TN and TP) between lakes and their inflow rivers was also discussed. Results showed that the exogenous input of TN and TP still had a significant effect on the TN, TP and trophic status index (TSI) of the lakes in China during the 13th Five-Year Plan period. Water quality could not reach class Ⅲ and maintain mesotrophic status for some lakes in China only by collaborative control of nitrogen and phosphorus between lakes and their inflow rivers. Control of internal load and ecological restoration should also be comprehensively applied to the eutrophication governance of lakes in China. Additionally, the water quality (TN and TP concentrations) and water volume of inflow rivers have jointly affected on the TN and TP concentrations and TSI of the lake in China. Based on the measures, regulations and laws from other developed countries, also combined with the present situation of water quality of lakes and their inflow rivers, policy and proposal about collaborative control on nitrogen and phosphorus of lakes and their inflow rivers was proposed. This research would support the control of exogenous nitrogen and phosphorus and ecological restoration for eutrophic lakes in China.
Key words:  Inflow rivers  lakes  nitrogen  phosphorus  eutrophication  criteria and standards  collaborative control
分享按钮