投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:王倩红,刘正文,甄伟,张秀梅,郝征,莫家勇,赵雪枫.不同密度团头鲂(Megalobrama amblycephala)对轮叶黑藻(Hydrilla verticillata)和密刺苦草(Vallisneria denseserrulata)群落结构的影响.湖泊科学,2019,31(3):862-868. DOI:10.18307/2019.0324
WANG Qianhong,LIU Zhengwen,ZHEN Wei,ZHANG Xiumei,HAO Zheng,MO Jiayong,ZHAO Xuefeng.Effects of different densities of Wuchang bream on community structure of Hydrilla verticillata and Vallisneria denseserrulata. J. Lake Sci.2019,31(3):862-868. DOI:10.18307/2019.0324
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 480次   下载 228 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
不同密度团头鲂(Megalobrama amblycephala)对轮叶黑藻(Hydrilla verticillata)和密刺苦草(Vallisneria denseserrulata)群落结构的影响
王倩红1, 刘正文1,2,3, 甄伟4, 张秀梅2, 郝征2, 莫家勇5, 赵雪枫6
1.中国科学院大学中丹学院, 北京 101400;2.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室, 南京 210008;3.暨南大学生态学系与水生生物研究中心, 广州 510632;4.武汉市规划设计有限公司, 武汉 430000;5.广州贝山水生态科技有限公司, 广州 510008;6.广东省南方三农咨询服务中心, 广州 510600
摘要:
冠层型水草轮叶黑藻在富营养情况下,生长迅速,覆盖水面,对于草甸型水草密刺苦草具有明显的竞争优势.为控制轮叶黑藻的竞争优势,于湖北省鄂州市团头鲂原种场的一个池塘进行了原位围隔(10 m×10 m)实验,研究不同密度(0、0.5和1尾/m2)团头鲂牧食作用对轮叶黑藻和密刺苦草群落结构的影响,并通过无人机数字图像处理获取水草覆盖度信息.实验过程中,沉水植物总覆盖度未发生变化.研究发现,团头鲂选择性牧食使得密刺苦草生物量和覆盖度显著增加.随着牧食强度的加大,团头鲂对轮叶黑藻的控制效果显著,放养密度为1尾/m2的围隔中轮叶黑藻比例降幅最明显.群落中轮叶黑藻与密刺苦草的生物量之比迅速下降,由6.14减少至0.002,覆盖度之比由4.88左右减少至约1.44.图像处理结果与实际采样情况相吻合,且通过误差矩阵得到图像分类平均精度达到90%以上,表明无人机数字图像处理在一定条件下可以作为获取沉水植物覆盖度的一种有效辅助手段.实验结束后,1尾/m2组的围隔中密刺苦草成为优势种,其植株密度、株高、株重和单株叶片数均显著增加,草甸更加密实.实验结果表明,放养1尾/m2密度的团头鲂可以有效控制轮叶黑藻并维持密刺苦草种群优势,结果为团头鲂对湖泊沉水植物群落的控制提供了参考.
关键词:  团头鲂  选择性牧食  放养密度  沉水植物群落结构  无人机影像  数字图像处理
DOI:10.18307/2019.0324
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院STS项目(KFJ-STS-ZDTP-038)和国家自然科学基金项目(41877415)联合资助.
Effects of different densities of Wuchang bream on community structure of Hydrilla verticillata and Vallisneria denseserrulata
WANG Qianhong1, LIU Zhengwen1,2,3, ZHEN Wei4, ZHANG Xiumei2, HAO Zheng2, MO Jiayong5, ZHAO Xuefeng6
1.Sino-Danish College, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 101400, P.R.China;2.State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P.R.China;3.Institute of Hydrobiology, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, P.R.China;4.Wuhan Planning and Design Company Limited, Wuhan 430000, P.R.China;5.Belsun Aquatic Ecology Science and Technology Company Limited, Guangzhou 510008, P.R.China;6.Guangdong South Three Rural Consultation Service Center, Guangzhou 510600, P.R.China
Abstract:
Under the condition of eutrophication, canopy-forming Hydrilla verticillata grows fast and covers the water surface rapidly. It has an obvious competitive advantage over meadow-forming Vallisneria denseserrulata. In order to control the competitive advantage of H. verticillata, an in-situ enclosure (10 m×10 m) experiment was conducted in Dushan Town, Ezhou City, Hubei Province to study the effects of herbivory by Wuchang bream (Megalobrama amblycephala) on the community structure of H. verticillata and V. denseserrulata with different densities of the fish (0, 0.5 and 1 ind./m2), UAV digital image processing was used to obtain the coverage information of macrophytes. The results showed that the biomass and coverage of V. denseserrulata increased significantly after fish grazing while the total coverage remained unchanged. With the increase of grazing intensity, the control effect of Wuchang bream on H. verticillata was significant, and the proportion of H. verticillata decreased most significantly in the enclosures with 1 fish/m2. The ratio of biomass of H. verticillata to V. denseserrulata decreased rapidly from 6.14 to 0.002, and the ratio of coverage decreased from 4.88 to 1.44. The image processing results are consistent with the actual sampling situation, and the average classification accuracy of the image obtained by error matrix is more than 90%. It shows that the UAV digital image processing can be used as an effective means to obtain the coverage of submerged plants under certain conditions. At the end of the experiment, plant density, the length, weight and leaf number per plant of V. denseserrulata in the enclosure with 1 fish/m2 treatment significantly increased, and the meadow became denser. The results showed that the dominance of H. verticillata could be controlled by stocking Wuchang bream. The results provides a useful information for a better control of submerged plant communities in lakes.
Key words:  Wuchang bream  selective grazing  stocking density  submerged macrophytes community structure  UAV image  digital image processing
分享按钮