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引用本文:李永民,聂传朋,王魏根,黄新,聂超,袁浩.安徽颍州西湖省级湿地自然保护区鸟类多样性.湖泊科学,2017,29(5):1195-1201. DOI:10.18307/2017.0517
LI Yongmin,NIE Chuanpeng,WANG Weigen,HUANG Xin,NIE Chao,YUAN Hao.Avian diversity in Provincial Wetland Nature Reserve of Anhui Yingzhou West Lake. J. Lake Sci.2017,29(5):1195-1201. DOI:10.18307/2017.0517
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安徽颍州西湖省级湿地自然保护区鸟类多样性
李永民1, 聂传朋1, 王魏根1, 黄新1, 聂超2, 袁浩2
1.阜阳师范学院生物与食品工程学院, 阜阳 236041;2.安徽颍州西湖省级湿地自然保护区管理局, 阜阳 236121
摘要:
2013年6月-2015年6月,对安徽颍州西湖省级湿地自然保护区内农田区、河流湿地和湖泊湿地3种典型生境的鸟类进行调查,共记录到鸟类123种,属于14目33科69属.按照季节和生境的不同对鸟类多样性进行分析,结果表明:颍州西湖湿地保护区秋季鸟类的物种数和密度显著高于其他季节,而夏季拥有最高的物种多样性指数和均匀度指数;在颍州西湖湿地保护区3种典型生境中,湖泊湿地的鸟类物种数显著多于河流湿地和农田区,同时,湖泊湿地和农田区鸟类密度、物种多样性指数、均匀度指数显著高于河流湿地,而河流湿地拥有最高的优势度指数.就科属水平上的多样性而言,该保护区鸟类群落科属间多样性为0.76.颍州西湖湿地是鸻鹬类和雁鸭类等迁徙鸟类的重要中途停歇地和越冬地.
关键词:  颍州西湖  湿地  鸟类  多样性
DOI:10.18307/2017.0517
分类号:
基金项目:安徽省自然科学基金项目(1308085MC39)、江苏省滩涂生物资源与环境保护重点建设实验室开放基金项目(JKLBS2015003)、安徽省教育厅自然科学研究项目(KJ2016A873,2015KJ004,2016jyxm0751)和阜阳师范学院博士科研启动项目联合资助.
Avian diversity in Provincial Wetland Nature Reserve of Anhui Yingzhou West Lake
LI Yongmin1, NIE Chuanpeng1, WANG Weigen1, HUANG Xin1, NIE Chao2, YUAN Hao2
1.School of Biology and Food Engineering, Fuyang Teachers College, Fuyang 236041, P. R. China;2.Administration Bureau of Anhui Yingzhou West Lake Provincial Wetland Nature Reserve, Fuyang 236121, P. R. China
Abstract:
From June,2013 to June,2015,an investigation of bird communities had been made in habitats of farmland,river wet-land and lake wetland in Yingzhou West Lake Reserve.A total of 123 species were recorded,which belong to 14 orders,33 fami-lies and 69 genera.We analyzed the relative diversity indices.Results showed that the species number and density in autumn were higher than those in other seasons.The Shannon-Wiener index and Pielou index in summer were the highest.The species number in lake wetland was the greatest among the three habitats.The density,Shannon-Wiener index and Pielou index in lake wetland and farmland were higher than those in river wetland.At the same time,the dominance index in river wetland was the highest.In terms of diversities at family and genus,the G-F index in Yingzhou West Lake Reserve was 0.76.Yingzhou West Lake Reserve is an im-portant stopover and wintering site for shorebirds and Anatidae birds.
Key words:  Yingzhou West Lake  wetland  aves  diversity
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