投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:周云凯,白秀玲,宁立新.鄱阳湖湿地苔草(Carex)景观变化及其水文响应.湖泊科学,2017,29(4):870-879. DOI:10.18307/2017.0410
ZHOU Yunkai,BAI Xiuling,NING Lixin.Landscape pattern changes of Carex and its response to water level in Lake Poyang Wetland. J. Lake Sci.2017,29(4):870-879. DOI:10.18307/2017.0410
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 1893次   下载 1600 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
鄱阳湖湿地苔草(Carex)景观变化及其水文响应
周云凯1,2, 白秀玲1,2, 宁立新1,2
1.河南大学资源与环境研究所, 开封 475004;2.河南大学环境与规划学院, 开封 475004
摘要:
淡水湿地水文过程控制着湿地植被景观的形成与演变. 基于Landsat TM/ETM+遥感影像数据,利用决策树分类法提取鄱阳湖湿地1992、1999、2006、2012年4期景观信息,通过景观格局指数、转移矩阵和质心迁移法对苔草景观的空间变化及其与水文过程关系进行分析. 结果表明:研究期间,鄱阳湖湿地秋、冬季苔草景观分布面积受到水位和退水过程的影响,低水位年的中滩位缓慢退水与低滩位快速出露更有利于苔草景观的扩张;苔草景观的空间格局与水位关系密切,在低水位年份,低位洲滩提前出露,苔草景观分布高程较低,部分低位光滩被苔草所侵占,原苔草分布的部分洲滩转变为芦荻景观,景观的破碎化程度较重,在高水位年份,低位洲滩长期被水体淹没,苔草景观分布高程相对较高,部分芦荻分布区被苔草所侵占,而原苔草景观的部分区域转变为水体和光滩,由于该期间苔草主要集中分布在湖周和入湖河口地带的高位洲滩上,其景观破碎化程度较轻;水位年际间的升降变化会影响苔草景观质心位置,年均水位上升引起景观质心发生向湖岸方向推进,而年均水位下降则会导致苔草景观质心向湖心方向转移.
关键词:  苔草景观  景观格局  水位变化  响应  鄱阳湖湿地
DOI:10.18307/2017.0410
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41101089,41371450)资助.
Landscape pattern changes of Carex and its response to water level in Lake Poyang Wetland
ZHOU Yunkai1,2, BAI Xiuling1,2, NING Lixin1,2
1.Institute of Natural Resources and Environment, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, P.R.China;2.College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, P.R.China
Abstract:
The formation and evolution of vegetation landscape are controlled by the hydrological processes in freshwater wetlands. Based on the Landsat TM/ETM+ remote sensing images, the landscape information on Lake Poyang Wetland in 1992, 1999, 2006 and 2012 was extracted by using decision tree classification. The spatial variation of Carex landscape was analyzed by means of landscape pattern index, transfer matrix and centriod shifting methods. Meanwhile, the relationship between Carex landscape and hydrological processes was also preliminarily discussed. Results showed that the distribution and area of Carex landscape in autumn were influenced by the water level and recession process of Lake Poyang Wetland during the study period, the slow recession of intermediate-elevation(14-16 m) areas and fast emersion of low-elevation(12-14 m) areas play a more important role in the formation and expansion of Carex landscape than the water level. The spatial pattern Carex landscape in Lake Poyang Wetland was closely related to the annual mean water level. In the year of low annual mean water level, the distribution elevation of Carex landscape is relatively low, some exposed mudflats were occupied by Carex landscape, and the original distribution areas of Carex landscape were partly replaced by Phragmites and Triarrhena landscape, the fragmentation degree of Carex landscape was relatively heavy. While in the year with high annual mean water level, many low bottomlands were submerged, the elevation of Carex distributed was relatively high. Many regions of Phragmites and Triarrhena landscape were occupied by Carex, while the original distribution areas of Carex landscape became partly mudflat or water landscape types. Affected by the rising water level, Carex landscape mainly shifted and centered on the high zones of estuary of input rivers and lakeshore, thus the fragmentation degree of Carex landscape was relatively light. In addition, water level inter-annual fluctuation will affect the centroid position of Carex landscape, with centriod shifting to the lakeshore during the rising water level; vice verse to the lake center during the falling water level falling.
Key words:  Carex  landscape pattern  water level change  response  Lake Poyang Wetland
分享按钮