投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:施丽梅,蔡元锋,孔繁翔,于洋.水华衰亡过程中微囊藻群体胶鞘结构及其元素组成的变化.湖泊科学,2016,28(5):944-950. DOI:10.18307/2016.0503
SHI Limei,CAI Yuanfeng,KONG Fanxiang,YU Yang.Changes in structure and element composition of mucilage sheath of Microcystis colony during the bloom decline period. J. Lake Sci.2016,28(5):944-950. DOI:10.18307/2016.0503
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 2579次   下载 1946 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
水华衰亡过程中微囊藻群体胶鞘结构及其元素组成的变化
施丽梅, 蔡元锋, 孔繁翔, 于洋
中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室, 南京 210008
摘要:
维系微囊藻群体结构的胶鞘是微囊藻水华维持优势的重要原因之一.为了探讨微囊藻水华的衰亡机理,在太湖梅梁湾水华衰亡过程中(10月至次年1月),对微囊藻群体大小的组成做了统计,同时对单位藻细胞的胶鞘多糖产量变化进行了检测,并对微囊藻群体胶鞘的变化进行了能谱扫描电镜观察和元素组成分析.结果表明,随着水华的衰亡,100~180 μm的微囊藻小群体的比例表现出增多的趋势,而大于180 μm的大群体逐渐减少,单位藻细胞的多糖含量呈现下降的趋势.扫描电镜结果显示了微囊藻群体的胶鞘从完整到逐渐裂解的变化过程,群体表面的能谱化学元素分析显示,钠和磷元素的百分含量呈下降的趋势,铝和硫元素的百分含量趋于稳定,而钙和硅元素的百分含量呈上升的趋势.以上结果说明了微囊藻群体中单位细胞的多糖产量减少,群体胶鞘裂解,元素组成发生变化,伴随着微囊藻群体的解聚,出现水华的衰亡.
关键词:  微囊藻  胶鞘  扫描电子显微镜/X射线能谱仪  水华
DOI:10.18307/2016.0503
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31370509)、江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK20131466)和中国博士后基金面上项目(20090461147)联合资助.
Changes in structure and element composition of mucilage sheath of Microcystis colony during the bloom decline period
SHI Limei, CAI Yuanfeng, KONG Fanxiang, YU Yang
State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China
Abstract:
Mucilage sheath is critical for maintaining predominance of colonial Microcystis in eutrophic freshwaters. To explore mechanism underlying the decline of Microcystis bloom, colony size, polysaccharide content and sheath structure of Microcystis colonies were investigated from October to January when the bloom decline. The results indicated that the proportion of Microcystis with colony size larger than 180 μm decreased, while colonies in the 100-180 μm size range increased. Polysaccharide content per cell decreased during the decline period. The scanning electron micrograph showed that sheath structure of Microcystis colonies changed from complete to broken. Element analysis of the surface of Microcystis colonies showed the percentages of Na and P decreased gradually, Al and S fluctuated, while Ca and Si increased. These results indicated that changes in polysaccharide content and element composition of colony sheath accompanied with colonial Microcystis disaggregation, and thus led to bloom decline.
Key words:  Microcystis  sheath  scan electric microscope/X-ray energy spectrometer  water bloom
分享按钮